The Spanish class has reviewed the following topics - The idea is to continue building a strong foundadtion:
- The sounds of the alphabet, specialy the sounds of the letters B and V, the letter C, the letter G, the letter H, the letters R and RR, the L and LL, the letter N and Ñ, the Q, the letter Z and S.
- The conjugation of regular Spanish verbs - the -AR, -ER, -IR ending verbs
IR verbs endings (For example, the IR ending verb VIVIR = To Live):
ER verbs endings (For example, the ER ending verb COMER= To Eat):
AR verbs endings (For example the AR ending verb HABLAR= To Speak):
- Vocabulary. The students have reviewed and learned Spanish vocabulary. For instance, they have reviewed the following vocabulary (verbs to make them able to describe action):
- Hablar ( To speak)
- Comer (To eat)
- Vivir (To live)
- Trabajar (To work)
- Aprender (To learn)
- Leer (To read).
They have also reviewed and learned additonal vocabulary:
- Mi padre (My father)
- Me gusta (I like)
- Desear (To wish)
- Mi hermano (My brother)
- Mi hermana (My sister)
- Yo tengo (I have)
- Nos gusta (We like)
- Comprar (To buy)
- Practicar (To practice)
- Estudiar (To study)
The goal is that the vocabulary will increase the ability of the student to write more extensively in Spanish
- Writing about specific Spanish topics. The students are required to write about Spanish topics using between 30 and 50 Spanish words. The goal is that the students will be able to write topics using 100 Spanish words. The average is actually between 15 and 30 Spanish words.
- First topic: Describing themselves and the families.
Note: When writing about themselves and the families, the studends are told NOT to disclose information about themselves or their families. They can give "made up" information about themselves and the families; the idea is how they write the information, not the information itself.
- When to Use the verb SER (To Be) and the verb ESTAR (To Be)
To BE or not To Be
- The students reviewed different settings in which the verbs are properly used.
- The verb SER (To Be) is used for:
- - Permanent conditions (Ex. El edificio es alto = The building is tall)
- - Occupations (Ex. Yo soy abogado = I am a lawyer)
- - Place of origin (Ex. Yo soy de Colombia = I am from Colombia)
- - Identification (Ex. El es alto =He is tall
- - Nationality (Ex. Nosotros somos colombianos = We are Colombians)
- - When telling time (EX. Son las dos en punto = It is two o'clock)
The verb ESTAR (To be) is used for:
- - Temporary conditions (Ex. Estoy enfermo = I am sick)
- - Location (Ex. Ocala está en la Florida = Ocala is located in Florida)
- The students have learned and reviewed the following verbs:
- Viajar = To travel (regular)
- Estudiar = To study (regular)
- Aprender = To learn (regular)
- Ayudar =To help (regular)
- Conocer = To know (irregular, changes the base in the first person: YO CONOZCO)
The students can use the Conjugation Chart to conjugate the regular verbs (See above "The conjugation of regular Spanish Verbs)
To Know in Spanish has two different meanings - CONOCER and SABER:
Conocer means To Know or to be acquainted with people and things, ex. Yo conozco a Ocala = I am acquainted with Ocala. I know Juan = I am acquainted with Juan.
Saber meas To Know, but to know information or facts, to know how to do things, ex. I know French, I know how to repair a computer.
The vocabulary will help the students to write extensively in Spanish about assigned topics.
- SPANISH NOUNS AND ADJECTIVES.
The name (of the parts) of the human body will be used as context for the students to review/learn the Spanish nouns and adjectives. The students will review/learn how the Spanish nouns and adjectives agree in gender and number (Ex. A masculine adjective describing a masculine noun – libro rojo; plural adjective describing plural noun – libros rojos.
Adjectives include the colors:
Negro (black); azul (blue); green (verde); rubio (blonde); marrón (brown); café (brown); white (blanco). Review the following information:
SINGULAR PLURAL SINGULAR PLURAL
Negro Negros Negra Negras
Azul Azules Azul Azules
Verde Verdes Verde Verdes
Rubio Rubios Rubia Rubias
Marrón Marrones Marrón Marrones
Blanco Blancos Blanca Blancas
Rojo Rojos Roja Rojas
Nouns related to the human head:
Cejas (eyebrows); ojos (eyes); nariz (nose); barbilla (chin); pelo (hair); orejas (ears); mejillas (cheeks); boca (mouth).
Tener (to have): Yo tengo, tú tienes, usted tiene, él/ella tiene, nosotros tenemos, ustedes tienen, ellos/ellas tienen.
Ex. Yo tengo pelo negro (I have black hair). Ella tiene ojos marrones (She has brown eyes)
Ser (to be): Yo soy; tú eres, usted es, él/ella es, nosotros somos, ustedes son, ellos/ellas son. Ex. Mi pelo es negro (my hair is black).
Other nouns will follow.
PARTS OF THE BODY:
The students reviewed/learned parts of the body, mainly the following vocabulary was provided and practiced:
La cabeza = The head
La(lass) oreja(s) = The ear (s)
La boca = The mouth
La nariz = The nose
El(los) ojo (s) = The eye (s)
El pelo = The hair
El hombro = The shoulder
El cuello = The neck
El (los) dedo (s) = The finger (s)
El (los) brazo (s) = The arm (s)
El estómago = the stomach
El (los) pie (s) = The foot (feet)
El (los) tobillo (s) = the ankle (s)
La (s) pierna (s) = The leg (s)
La cintura = The hip
El (los) codo (s) = The elbow (s)
La (las) mano (s) = The hand(s)
Also they reviewed/learned additional vocabulary to be able to describe themselves in greater details:
- Los colores (already presented above)
- A = un, una
- Big = grande, grandes (the plural of grande)
- Curly = rizado
- His, her = su (polite)
- Long = largo, larga
- My = mi
- Pretty= bonito, bonita
- Rosado, rosada = pink
- Short = corto
- Some = unos, unas
- Straight = liso (straight for the hair)
- The = el, la, los, las
- Ugly = feo, fea
- Wavy = ondulado
- Your = tu (familiar)
- To have = tener (yo tengo, tu tienes, Usted tiene, él /ella tiene, nosotros tenemos, Ustedes tienen, ellos tienen)
- To be = ser (yo soy, tú eres, Usted es, él/ella es, nosotros somos, Ustedes son, ellos son)The goal is that the studennts will use the nouns (parts of t he body), the adjectives (the colores) and the additional vocabulary to write meaningful essays (to describe themselves) becoming more proficient in the written Spanish. The students had the opportunity to view a video describing several nouns in Spanish and use witten exercises to prctice.
NUMBERS AND TELLING TIME:
This week (beginning 10/7/19, the class will review the numbers from cero (0) to one thousand (1000). Also the class will review/learn how to tell time in Spanish.
The numbers to be reviewed/learned are:
(memorize 1-15 - there are no patterns to follow)
Cero - 0
Uno - 1
Dos - 2
Tres - 3
Cuatro - 4
Cinco - 5
Siete – 7
Nueve – 9
Diez – 10
Once – 11
Doce – 12
Quince – 15
(notice the pattern from the number 16 to 19. Actually, for 16 it is like saying 10 and 6; for 17 it is like saying 10 and 7, etc.)
Dieciséis - 16
Diecisiete – 17
Dieciocho – 18
Diecinueve – 19
Veinte - 20
NOW LEARN THE NUMBERS BY 10's
Treinta - 30
Cincuenta - 50
Sesenta - 60
Setenta - 70
Ochenta - 80
Noventa - 90
Cien - 100
NOW LEARN THE NUMBERS BY 100's
Doscientos - 200
Trescientos - 300
Cuatrocientos - 400
Quinientos - 500
Seiscientos - 600
Setecientos - 700
Ochocientos - 800
Novecientos - 900
Mil - 1000
NOW CONTINUE LEARNING THE NUMBERS BY 1000'S
Dos mil - 2000
Tres mil - 3000, etc.
The class will review/learn telling time in Spanish using the analog clock.
The verb to use is the verb SER (to be), only using two forms of the verb: Es for singular and SON for plural.
- To be in the singular (ES) when one refers to the one (1) hour, for example: Es la una en punto (it is one o'clock).
- To be in the plural (SON) when one refers from the 2- to the - 12 hour, for example: Son las dos de la tarde (it is two in the afternoon).
Other helpful vocabulary will be:
- Minutos - minutes
- Quince minutos (15 minutes)
- Un cuarto de hora (one fourth of the hour) or 15 minutes.
-Media hora (half)
- Menos (literally means Less)
- y (and)
A verb is reflexive when the SUBJECT and the DIRECT OBJECT are the same person. The subject is doing something onto itself. We express this in English by saying self.”
They are more common in Spanish that in English.
The following are the personal pronouns next to the respective reflexive pronouns in English:
"Spanish reflexive verbs
Spanish reflexive verbs are those where the subject and the object are the same, and where the action “reflects back” on the subject. They must be used with a reflexive pronoun such us myself, yourself and himself in English. Below you can see the Spanish reflexive pronouns:
You (formal singular)
How does one know that a verb (the infinitive) in Spanish is reflexive?
Just notice the ending of the verb (infinitive); the Spanish reflexive verb (infinitive) end with ES, for example:
LlamarSE = To call oneself Me llamo Juan (I call myself Juan)
Llamar = to call (someone) Yo llamo a mi amigo (I call my friend)
LevantarSE = To lift up oneself (to get up)
Levantar = To lift (to lift up a chair)
STUDY GUIDE FOR THE TEST ON 10/23/19 AND 10/24/19:
1. When is a verb REFLEXIVE:?
A verb is reflexive when the subject and the object are the same.
I wash myself. subject: I verb: wash object: myself
Since the subject and object are the same, the verb is reflexive.
Note: I wash the car. subject: I verb: wash object: car
Since the subject and object are different, the verb is not reflexive.
- In Spanish when a verb is reflexive, the infinitive ends in “se.”
lavarse to wash oneself (reflexive) Lavar to wash (non-reflexive)
- To learn to conjugate reflexive verbs in Spanish, you need to learn a different set of pronouns called “reflexive pronouns.” These pronouns are positioned before the verb, while the ending “se” is dropped and the verb is conjugated normally (Remember: The verb is conjugated normally, for example: Llamar: yo llamo, tú llamas, usted llama, él llama, ella llama, nosotros llamamos, ustedes llaman, ellos llaman. Remember the position of the reflexive pronouns: In front of the conjugated verb: For example, Yo ME llamo (I call myself).
Note: Refer to the reflexive pronouns table FOR THE SPANISH PRONOUNS.
- Place of reflexive pronouns: In front of the conjugated verb: Yo ME llamo Jorge
Formula: Subject (yo) + Pronoun (me) + conjugated verb (llamo)
- Know the meaning of the following reflexive verbs:
Acostarse to go to bed.
Bañarse to have a bath.
Cepillarse to brush.
levantarse to get up.
llamarse to be called.
Vestirse to get dressed.
Lavarse to wash.
Mirarse To look at oneself.
Maquillarse To put make up on.
Peinarse to comb one’s hair
- Translate the following sentences to Spanish (use the reflexive pronouns): A. She brushes her teeth B. You wash your hair C. He looks in the mirror. D. Maria puts make-up on her face. E. I comb my hair
7. Complete the following phrases (Fill in the blanks):
A. Yo_________ levanto temprano todos los días. (levantarse)
B. Él__________ viste rápidamente.(vestirse)
C. ¿Ustedes____ bañan todos los días? (bañarse)
- How do you know if a verb is reflexive? A. It ends in "ar" B. It ends in "er" C. It ends in "ir" D. It ends in "se" after the "ar", "er", or "ir"
- Some verbs use the reflexive pronoun only sometimes. When would the verb "lavar" (to wash) not use the reflexive pronoun?
- Lavo el coche
- Me lavo el pelo
A. When the speaker feels like saying the reflexive pronoun or not. B. Only if the verb ends in "ar" C. When the action of "washing" is done to something or someone else D. Depends if the object is a human or a car
- Complete the phrase (fill in the blank) Ustedes (_____) las manos antes de comer. A. lavan B. lávense C. se lavan D. nos lavan
NOTE: For the test: 1. Know the reflexive pronouns Spanish/English.
2. Know how to translate reflexive phrases (5) from Spanish to English; for example: Me llamo Maria = My name is Maria.
Reading (in Spanish) for Comprehension
Reading (in Spanish) for comprehension is a very important part of the curriculum. The clas has started to read simple histories in Spanish. First, they read the story silently, them identify the verbs (action words), read the story again (this time aloud), and finally the meaning of the story is clarified.
The class is starting to study the simple past tense in Spanish.
Simple Past Tense in Spanish (Pasado Simple)
The simple past tense in Spanish is for completed past actions with a clear beginning or ending. For example,
- I ate pizza last night – Anoche yo comí pizza.
- Colombia won the soccer game – Colombia ganó el partido de fútbol.
- To form the simple past tense in Spanish, one adds the proper (past tense) endings to the verb base (the base of the verb is the verb without the AR, ER, IR, for example:
Hablar = Habl. Comer= Com. Vivir = viv).
For AR ending verbs:
Verb in the infinitive:
Ending for the simple past:
For ER ending verbs:
Verb in the infinitive:
Ending for the simple past:
For IR ending verbs:
Verb in the infinitive:
Ending for the simple past:
The following exercise gives the students the opportunity to practice the preset tense and the simple past tense in Spanish:
Simple Past Tense
TO REVIEW THE PAST TENSE (PRETERITE)
Preterite Tense Forms
The Spanish preterite tense (el pretérito)
is used to describe actions completed at a point in the past.
The Spanish preterite is not used to describe habitual or continuous actions in the past with no specific beginning or end. In such cases, the imperfect tense is used.
Regular Spanish Preterite Forms
There are only two sets of endings for regular preterite verbs, one for -ar verbs and one for both -er and -ir verbs. To conjugate a regular verb in the preterite tense, simply remove the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, or -ir) and add the preterite ending that matches the subject. Check out the table of regular preterite endings below.
Regular Preterite Verb Endings
-er and -ir Verbs
él, ella, usted
ellos, ellas, ustedes
Keep an Eye on the Accents
Note that the first person singular (yo), third person singular (él, ella), and second person formal singular (usted) preterite forms have tildes
(written accents) on the final vowel. Keep in mind that one little tilde can change both the tense and subject of a sentence. For example:
With a tilde:
Mandó una carta.
He/She sent a letter.
Without a tilde:
Mando una carta.
I send a letter.
PLEASE COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING FORMS OF THE VERB IN THE PAST TENSE
Hablar = to speak
Entender = to understand
Recibir = to receive
Levantarse = to get up
Note: 32 points total (1 point for each pronoun. El/ella= 1 point.
Ellos/ellas= one point).
HOMEWORK DUE ON: FRIDAY, 12/13/19
It is necessary to clarify the IB “grade” (level) that will be reported to the students in the near future.
The IB “grade” is NOT an academic grade; it is a level of proficiency. The IB “grade” (level) is NOT included when computing the student’s grade point average.
The IB “grade” simply refers to a level of proficiency achieved by the student in a particular subject/field.
There are 2 criterions that will be used regarding my Spanish class, when reporting the IB “grade” (level):
- Criretion C: Communicating in response to spoken/and or written, and /or visual text.
- Criterion D: Using language in a spoken and/or written form.
For example, if the report states that the student has achieved an “Achievement level” between 1-2, it simply means that the student may make attempts to respond to simple short phrases and basic information…” (It does not mean that the students has a 1-2 for an academic grade).
Below are Criterion C and Criterion D with the achievement levels ( 0-8) and the respective explanation for the level.
Language acquisition assessment criteria: Phase 1
Criterion C: Communicating in response to spoken and/or written and/or visual text
At the end of phase 1, students should be able to:
- respond appropriately to simple short phrases
- interact in simple and rehearsed exchanges, using verbal and non-verbal language
iii. use basic phrases to communicate ideas, feelings and information on a variety of aspects of everyday topics
- communicate with a sense of audience.
The student does not reach a standard described by any of the descriptors below.
i. makes limited attempt to respond to simple short phrases and basic information in spoken and/or written and/or visual text; responses are often inappropriate
ii. interacts minimally in simple and rehearsed exchanges, using verbal and non-verbal language
iii. uses minimal basic phrases to communicate ideas, feelings and information on a limited range of aspects of everyday topics
iv. communicates with a limited sense of audience.
i. responds to simple short phrases and basic information in spoken and/or written and/or visual text, though some responses may be inappropriate
ii. interacts to some degree in simple and rehearsed exchanges, using verbal and non-verbal language
iii. uses some basic phrases to communicate ideas, feelings and information on a limited range of aspects of everyday topics
iv. communicates with some sense of audience.
i. responds appropriately to simple short phrases and basic information in spoken and/or written and/or visual text
ii. interacts considerably in simple and rehearsed exchanges, using verbal and non-verbal language
iii. uses basic phrases to communicate ideas, feelings and information on some aspects of everyday topics
iv. communicates with a considerable sense of audience.
i. responds in detail and appropriately to simple short phrases and basic information in spoken and/or written and/or visual text
ii. interacts confidently in simple and rehearsed exchanges, using verbal and non-verbal language
iii. uses basic phrases effectively to communicate ideas, feelings and information on a variety of aspects of everyday topics
iv. communicates with an excellent sense of audience.
Criterion D: Using language in spoken and/or written form
At the end of phase 1, students should be able to:
- write and/or speak using a basic range of vocabulary, grammatical structures and conventions; when speaking, use clear pronunciation and intonation
- organize basic information and use a range of basic cohesive devices
- use language to suit the context.
The student does not reach a standard described by any of the escriptors below.
i. has difficulty to write/speak using a basic range of vocabulary, grammatical structures and conventions; when speak ing, uses pronunciation and intonation with many errors, making understanding difficult
ii. organizes limited basic information, and basic cohesive devices are not used
iii. makes minimal use of language to suit the context.
i. writes/speaks using a basic range of vocabular y, grammatical structures and conventions, with some inappropriate choices; when speaking, uses pronunciation and intonation with some errors, some of which make understanding difficult
ii. organizes some basic information and uses a limited range of basic cohesive devices, not always appropriately
iii. uses language to suit the context to some degree.
i. writes/speaks making good use of a basic range of vocabulary, grammatical structures and conventions, generally accurately; when speaking, uses pronunciation and intonation with some errors, though these do not interfere with comprehensibility
ii. organizes basic information and uses a limited range of basic cohesive devices accurately
iii. usually uses language to suit the context.
i. writes/speaks effectively using a basic range of vocabulary, grammatical structures and conventions accurately; when speaking, uses clear pronunciation and excellent intonation, making communication easy
ii. organizes basic information clearly and uses a range of basic cohesive devices accurately
iii. uses language effectively to suit the context.
The class has reviewed and learned about the Direct Objects and the Direct Object Pronouns in Spanish.
Textbook: Page 174
The Direct Object Pronouns in Spanish are:
Me - Me Nos - Us
Te - You Os -You (familiar)
Lo - You, Him, It Los - You (mas. form), Them (mas.)
La - You, Her, It Las - You (fem. form), Them (fem.)
Also, the class reviewed and learned about the Indirect Object and the Indirect Object Pronouns.
Textbook: Page 202
The Indirect Object Pronouns ain Spanish are:
Me - to/for me Nos - to/for us
Te - to/for you (familiar) os - to/for you (familiar)
Le - to/for you (formal) Les - to/for you (formal)
to/for him, her to/for them.
The class has completed the first step of the project: Spanish Speaking Country Brochure. The students chose a Spanish Speaking Country and developed the brochure, which contained information, in Spanish, about several topics, including: The population, main products, famous person, the capital city and the national flag. The idea of the project is for the students to know the culture of the Spanish Speaking Countries.
During the first two weeks of the month of March (March 2 - 13, 2020), the students will be presenting the second part of the project: Oral reports about the information contained in the brochures. The students have the specific topics they need to address during the talk. The talk will be in Spanish.
A vocabulary quiz will be given to the classes as follows:
Friday, 3/6/2020 - Spanish B
Monday, 3/9/200 - Spanish A
Here is the vocabulary list for the quiz:
- Tener que + infinitive = to have to (obligation, no choice)
- Deber + infinitive = should (implies moral obligation)
- Hay que + infinitive = need to do, must, it is necessary
- Ir a + infinitive = going to
- Por = by
- Para = for, to
- Qué? = what?
- Cuál = which ?
- Saber = to know facts, information
- Conocer = to know (people, to be acquainted with)
Last Day to Sumit the answers 3/13/2020
BONUS POINTS BONUS POINTS BONUS POINTS BONUS POINTS
Answer the following Spanish questions (1-5) to obtain the Bonus Points.
REVIEW – SPANISH
- REFLEXIVE VERBS – REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS: (Textbook page 236)
The Reflexive Pronouns are:
YO =______TÚ =______USTED =______ÉL/ELLA =______NOSOTROS =_______
USTEDES =________ELLOS/ELLAS =__________
- DIRECT / INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS: (Textbook page 202)
Write the Direct/Indirect Object Pronouns corresponding to the underlined
Direct /Indirect Object:
Él compra la pluma (he buys the pen). The Direct Object Pronoun is:_______
Juan come dos sándwiches. (John eats two sandwiches). The Direct Object Pronoun is:______
Juan ve a Maria (John sees Maria). The Direct Object Pronoun is:___________
Juan compra un regalo a Maria (John buys Mary a gift). The Indirect Object Pronoun in Spanish is:__________
Ella escribe una carta a ellos (she writes a letter to them). The Indirect Object Pronoun in Spanish is:__________.
- GUSTAR (Textbook page 246)
Complete the phrases with the proper pronoun (me, te, le, nos, os, les) and the verb gusta or gustan.
A mi__________ _______________el nuevo libro. (I like the new book)
A nosotros ____________ ___________ la casa roja. (We like the red house)
A Usted _______ _________ los deportes (you like sports)
- TRANSLATE INTO ENGLISH AND EXPLAIN:
- THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVE IN ENGLISH = TO BE + ING (I am speaking).
Complete the following statements about the Progressive form in Spanish.
Progressive Form in Spanish is =:
Estar + verb base + __________for verbs ending in –AR,
Estar + verb base +____________for verbs ending in -ER, -IR.
STARTING ON 4/1/20, I WILL BE KEEPING THE FOLLOWING SCHEDULE FOR DIRECT CONTACT WITH PARENTS AND STUDENTS (Please contact me through the Website):
MONDAY - TO - FRIDAY:
9:30 A.M TO 10:30 A.M
1:30 P.M. TO 2:30 P.M.
VIRTUAL LESSON/ASSIGNMENT - VIRTUAL LESSON/ASIGNMENT - VIRTUAL LESSON/ASSIGNMENT -- VIRTUAL LESSON/ASSIGNMENT
This assignment covers the following dates:
From: WEDNESDAY APRIL 1ST, 2020
To: WEDNESDAY APRIL 8TH, 2020
Answers due: April 8/2020
This exercise has two (2) sections.
Section I: The grammar.
Section II: Translation from English to Spanish.
- Please, review the grammar (section I)
- Translate phrases from English to Spanish (section II)
- E-mail the translated phrases (section II) to the teacher (due date: 4/8/20)
Seis (6) maneras de usar un verbo -- Six (6) ways to use a verb (the action word)
SECTION I: GRAMMAR
A verb may be used in 6 different forms:
- Present Tense:
To conjugate the verb in the present tense:
Find the base of the verb (base = infinitive less the -AR, -ER, -IR. Example = Hablar less -AR = Habl)
and then add the proper ending for each person (pronouns):
Verbs ending in –AR (example: Hablar = to speak)
Person: Base: + Endings: Example:
Yo (I) habl + o Yo hablo (I speak)
Tú (you) habl + as Tú hablas (you speak)
Usted (you) habl + a Usted habla (you speak)
Él, Ella habl + a Él, ella habla (he,she speaks)
Nosotros (we) habl + amos Nosotros hablamos (we speak)
Ustedes (you) habl + an Ustedes hablan (you all speak)
Ellos (they) habl + an Ellos/as hablan (they
Verbs ending in –ER: (example Comer = to eat)
Person: Base: + Endings: Example:
Yo (I) com + o Yo como (I eat)
Tú (you) com + es Tú comes (you eat)
Usted (you) com + e Usted come (you eat)
Él, Ella com + e Él, ella come (he,she eats)
Nosotros (we) com + emos Nosotros comemos (we eat)
Ustedes (you) com + en Ustedes comen (you all eat)
Ellos (they) com + en Ellos/as comen (they eat)
Verbs ending in –IR: (example = Vivir = to live)
Person: Base: + Endings: Example:
Yo (I) viv + o Yo vivo (I live)
Tú (you) viv + es Tú vives (you live)
Usted (you) viv + e Usted vive (you live)
Él, Ella viv + e Él, ella vive (he,she lives)
Nosotros (we) viv + imos Nosotros vivimos (we live)
Ustedes (you) viv + en Ustedes viven (you all live)
Ellos (they) viv + en Ellos/as viven (they live)
- To be + Ing (The progressive form). Example: I am speaking.
Use the verb ESTAR + verb base + ando (-AR ending verbs) Example: Yo estoy hablando = I am speaking
Use the verb ESTAR + verb base + iendo (-ER, -IR ending verbs) Example: Yo estoy comiendo = I am eating
ESTAR (to be) is conjugated as follows:
Yo estoy = I am
Tú estás = you (familiar) are
Usted está = you (polite) are
Él, Ella está = he, she is
Nosotros estamos = we are
Ustedes están = you all are
Ellos, Ellas están = they are
- Going to + infinitive = ir a + infinitive. Examples: I am going to study = yo voy a estudiar. You are going to study = Usted va a estudiar
Ir a (going to ) is conjugated as follows:
Yo voy a = I am going to
Tú vas a = You (familiar) are going to
Usted va a = You (polite) are going to
Él, Ella va a = He, she is going to
Nosotros vamos a = We are going to
Ustedes van a = You all are going to
Ellos, Ellas van a = They are going to
- To have to + Infinitive (tener que + infinitive) Example: I have to study = Yo tengo que estudiar
Tener que is conjugated as follows:
Yo tengo que = I have to
Tú tienes que = You have to
Usted tiene que = You (polite) have to
Él, Ella tiene que = He, she has to
Nosotros tenemos que = We have to
Ustedes tienen que = You have to
Ellos, Ellas tienen que = They have to
- To like to + Infinitive_(gustar + Infinitive)
The indirect object pronouns are used with gustar.
There are only two forms to use with gustar:
GUSTA for the singular (only one thing, person, etc. is liked) Example: Me gusta la casa (I like the house)
GUSTAN for the plural (many thing, persons, etc. are liked) Example: Me gustan las casas ( I like the houses)
Indirect object pronouns:
Me (to, for) me Nos (to, for) us
Te (to, for you) os (to, for) you familiar
Le (to, for) you polite Les (to, for) you polite
( to, for) him, her (to, for) them
- To want + Infinitive (desear + Infinitive)
When there are two verbs in a sentence, the first verb is conjugated and the second verb is in the infinitive.
Example: I want to study (I want is conjugated and to study is in the infinitive).
In Spanish, the same pattern is followed: Yo deseo estudiar
Desear is conjugated as follows:
Yo deseo = I want
Tú deseas = You want
Usted desea = You want
Él, Ella desea = He, she wants
Nosotros deseamos = We want
Ustedes desean = You want
Ellos, Ellas desean = They want
SECTION II: (Translate the 6 sentences below and E-mail them to me. Due on 4/8/20)
TRANSLATE the following phrases from English to Spanish:
- Mary and I speak Spanish:_____________________
- You (familiar) are eating breakfast:______________
- They are going to write a letter:_________________
- I have to get up at seven in the morning:__________
- We like to read stories:_________________________
- He wants to buy a car:_________________________
- Just e-mail me Section II (the 6 translated sentences).
- Total 30 points (5 points each sentence).
- I will be checking the conjugation of the verbs.
- You have until April 8th, 2020 to e-mail me your answers.
- Do not use Google Translator to translate the sentences. Use Google as a dictionary only.