• My Email: pedro.gomez@marion.k12.fl.us

    The Spanish class has reviewed the following topics - The idea is to continue building a strong foundadtion:

    • The sounds of the alphabet, specialy the sounds of the letters B and V, the letter C, the letter G, the letter H, the letters R and RR, the L and LL, the letter N and Ñ, the Q, the letter Z and S.

     

    • The conjugation of regular Spanish verbs - the -AR, -ER, -IR ending verbs

       IR verbs endings (For example, the IR ending verb VIVIR = To Live):

    o

    imos

    es

    en

    e

    en

                                        

    ER verbs endings (For example, the ER ending verb COMER= To Eat):

    o

    emos

    es

    en

    e

    en

     AR verbs endings (For example the AR ending verb HABLAR= To Speak):

    o

    amos

    as

    an

    a

    an

    • Vocabulary. The students have reviewed and learned Spanish vocabulary. For instance, they have reviewed the following vocabulary (verbs to make them able to describe action): 

               - Hablar ( To speak)

                - Comer (To eat)

                 - Vivir (To live)

                 - Trabajar (To work)

                  - Aprender (To learn)

                  - Leer (To read).

              They have also reviewed and learned additonal vocabulary:

              - Mi padre (My father)

              - Me gusta (I like)

              - Desear (To wish)

              - Mi hermano (My brother)

              - Mi hermana (My sister)

              - Yo tengo (I have)

              - Nos gusta (We like)

              - Comprar (To buy)

              - Practicar (To practice)

              - Estudiar (To study)

             The goal is that the vocabulary will increase  the ability of the student to write more extensively in Spanish

    •   Writing about specific Spanish topics.  The students are required to write about Spanish topics using between 30 and 50 Spanish words. The goal is that the students will be able to write topics using 100 Spanish words. The average is actually between 15 and 30 Spanish words.

     

    • First topic: Describing themselves and the families.  

               Note: When writing about themselves and the families, the studends are told NOT to disclose information about themselves or their families. They can give "made up"  information about themselves and the families;               the  idea is how they write the information, not the information itself.

    • When to Use the verb SER (To Be) and the verb ESTAR (To Be) 

                        To BE or not To Be

    • The students reviewed different settings in which the verbs are properly used.
    • The verb SER (To Be) is used for:
    • - Permanent conditions (Ex. El edificio es alto = The building is tall)
    • - Occupations (Ex. Yo soy abogado = I am a lawyer)
    • - Place of origin (Ex. Yo soy de Colombia = I am from Colombia)
    • - Identification (Ex. El es alto =He is tall 
    • - Nationality (Ex. Nosotros somos colombianos = We are Colombians)
    • - When telling time (EX. Son las dos en punto  = It is two o'clock)

               The verb ESTAR (To be) is used for:

    • - Temporary conditions (Ex. Estoy enfermo = I am sick)
    • - Location (Ex. Ocala está en la Florida = Ocala is located in Florida)

             

              9/17/2019

    • Vocabulary:
    • The students have learned and reviewed the following verbs:

              - Viajar  = To travel (regular)

              - Estudiar = To study (regular)

              - Aprender = To learn (regular)

              - Ayudar =To help (regular)

              - Conocer = To know (irregular, changes the base in the first person: YO CONOZCO)

                 The students can use the Conjugation Chart to conjugate the regular verbs (See above "The conjugation of regular Spanish Verbs)

                    To Know in Spanish has two different meanings - CONOCER and SABER:

                     Conocer means To Know or to be acquainted with people and things, ex. Yo conozco a Ocala = I am acquainted with Ocala. I know Juan = I am acquainted with Juan.

                     Saber meas  To Know, but to know information or facts, to know how to do things, ex. I know French, I know how to repair a computer.

               The vocabulary will help the students to write extensively in Spanish about assigned topics.

     

    9/30/2019

    • SPANISH NOUNS AND ADJECTIVES.

    The name (of the parts) of the human body will be used as context for the students to review/learn the Spanish nouns and adjectives. The students will review/learn how the Spanish nouns and adjectives agree in gender and number (Ex. A masculine adjective describing a masculine noun – libro rojo; plural adjective describing  plural noun – libros rojos.

    Adjectives include the colors:

    Negro (black); azul (blue); green (verde); rubio (blonde); marrón (brown); café (brown); white (blanco). Review the following information:

    ADJECTIVES:

               MASCULINE                                            FEMENINE

    SINGULAR         PLURAL                        SINGULAR                  PLURAL

    Negro                Negros                         Negra                          Negras

    Azul                  Azules                          Azul                             Azules

    Verde                Verdes                         Verde                           Verdes

    Rubio                 Rubios                         Rubia                           Rubias

    Marrón               Marrones                     Marrón                         Marrones

    Blanco                Blancos                        Blanca                         Blancas

    Rojo                    Rojos                           Roja                            Rojas   

     

    NOUNS:

    Nouns related to the human head:

    Cejas (eyebrows); ojos (eyes); nariz (nose); barbilla (chin); pelo (hair); orejas (ears); mejillas (cheeks); boca (mouth).   

    HELPFUL VERBS:

    Tener (to have): Yo tengo, tú tienes, usted tiene, él/ella tiene, nosotros tenemos, ustedes tienen, ellos/ellas tienen.

    Ex. Yo tengo pelo negro (I have black hair).  Ella tiene ojos marrones (She has brown eyes) 

    Ser (to be): Yo soy; tú eres, usted es, él/ella es, nosotros somos, ustedes son, ellos/ellas son.  Ex. Mi pelo es negro (my hair is black).

    Other nouns will follow. 

         

    PARTS OF THE BODY:

    The students reviewed/learned parts of the body, mainly the following vocabulary was provided and practiced:

    La cabeza = The head

    La(lass) oreja(s) =  The ear (s)

    La boca  = The mouth

    La nariz  = The nose

    El(los) ojo (s) = The eye (s)


    El pelo = The hair

    El hombro = The shoulder

    El cuello = The neck

    El (los) dedo (s) = The finger (s)

    El (los) brazo (s) = The arm (s)

    El estómago = the stomach

    El (los) pie (s) = The foot (feet)

    El (los) tobillo (s) = the ankle (s)

    La (s) pierna (s) = The leg (s)

    La cintura = The hip

    El (los) codo (s) = The elbow (s)

    La (las) mano (s) = The hand(s)

     

    Also they reviewed/learned additional vocabulary  to be able to describe themselves in greater details:

    VOCABULARIO:

    • Los colores (already presented above)
    • A = un, una
    • Big = grande, grandes (the plural of grande)
    • Curly = rizado
    • His, her = su (polite)
    • Long = largo, larga
    • My = mi
    • Pretty= bonito, bonita
    • Rosado, rosada = pink
    • Short = corto
    • Some = unos, unas
    • Straight = liso (straight for the hair)
    • The = el, la, los, las
    • Ugly = feo, fea
    • Wavy = ondulado
    • Your = tu (familiar)
    • To have = tener (yo tengo, tu tienes, Usted tiene, él /ella tiene, nosotros tenemos, Ustedes tienen, ellos tienen)
    •  To be = ser (yo soy, tú eres, Usted es, él/ella es, nosotros somos, Ustedes son, ellos son)The goal is that the studennts will use the nouns (parts of t he body),  the adjectives (the colores) and the additional vocabulary to write meaningful essays (to describe themselves) becoming more proficient in the written Spanish. The students had the opportunity to view a video describing several nouns in Spanish and  use witten exercises to prctice.

     

    10/6/2019

    NUMBERS AND TELLING TIME:  

    This week (beginning 10/7/19, the class will review the numbers from cero (0) to one thousand (1000). Also the class will review/learn how to tell time in Spanish.

    The numbers to be reviewed/learned are:

    (memorize 1-15 - there are no patterns to follow)

    Cero - 0

    Uno - 1

    Dos  - 2

    Tres - 3

    Cuatro - 4

    Cinco - 5

    Seis -6

    Siete – 7

    Ocho -8

    Nueve – 9

    Diez – 10

    Once – 11

    Doce – 12

    Trece -13

    Catorce -14

    Quince – 15

     

    (notice the pattern from the number 16 to 19. Actually, for 16 it is like saying 10 and 6; for 17 it is like saying 10 and 7, etc.)

    Dieciséis - 16

    Diecisiete – 17

    Dieciocho – 18

    Diecinueve – 19

    Veinte - 20

     

    NOW LEARN THE NUMBERS BY 10's

    Treinta - 30

    Cuarenta -40

    Cincuenta - 50

    Sesenta - 60

    Setenta - 70

    Ochenta - 80

    Noventa - 90

    Cien - 100

     

    NOW LEARN THE NUMBERS BY 100's

    Doscientos - 200

    Trescientos - 300

    Cuatrocientos - 400

    Quinientos - 500

    Seiscientos - 600

    Setecientos - 700

    Ochocientos - 800

    Novecientos - 900

    Mil - 1000

     

    NOW CONTINUE LEARNING THE NUMBERS BY 1000'S

    Dos mil - 2000

    Tres mil - 3000, etc.

     

    TELLING TIME:

    The class will review/learn telling time in Spanish using the analog clock.

    The verb to use is the verb SER (to be), only using two forms of the verb: Es for singular and SON for plural.

    - To be in the singular (ES) when one refers to the one (1) hour, for example: Es la una en punto (it is one o'clock).

    - To be in the plural (SON) when one refers from the 2- to the - 12 hour, for example: Son las dos de la tarde (it is two in the afternoon).

    Other helpful vocabulary will be:

    - Minutos - minutes

    - Quince minutos (15 minutes) 

    - Un cuarto de hora (one fourth of the hour) or 15 minutes.

    -Media hora (half)

    - Menos (literally means Less)

    - y (and)

     

    9/15/2019

    REFLEXIVE VERBS

    REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS

    “Reflexive verbs:

    A verb is reflexive when the SUBJECT and the DIRECT OBJECT are the same person. The subject is doing something onto itself. We express this in English by saying self.”

    https://slideplayer.com/slide/5719997/

    They are more common in Spanish that in English.

    The following are the personal pronouns next to the respective reflexive pronouns  in English:

    Pronoun:

    Reflexive Pronoun:

    I

    Myself

    You

    Yourself/Yourselves

    He

    Himself

    She

    Herself

    It

    Itself

    We

    Ourselves

    They

    Themselves

     

    "Spanish reflexive verbs

    Spanish reflexive verbs are those where the subject and the object are the same, and where the action “reflects back” on the subject. They must be used with a reflexive pronoun such us myselfyourself and himself in English. Below you can see the Spanish reflexive pronouns:

    English Equivalent

    Personal Pronoun  

    Reflexive Pronoun

    I

    Yo

    Me

    You

    Te

    She

    Ella

    Se

    He

    Él

    Se

    You (formal singular)

    Usted

    Se

    We

    Nosotros, nosotras

    Nos

    They

    Ellos, Ellas

    Se

    You (plural)

    Ustedes

    Se

    "

    https://baselang.com/blog/basic-grammar/reflexive-pronouns-in-spanish/

     

    How does one know that a verb (the infinitive) in Spanish is reflexive?

    Just notice the ending of the verb (infinitive); the Spanish reflexive verb (infinitive) end with ES, for example:

    LlamarSE = To call oneself      Me llamo Juan (I call myself Juan)

    Llamar = to call (someone)      Yo llamo a mi amigo (I call my friend)

     

    LevantarSE =  To lift up oneself (to get up)

    Levantar = To lift (to lift up a chair)              

     

    STUDY GUIDE FOR THE TEST ON 10/23/19 AND 10/24/19:

    1. When is a verb REFLEXIVE:?

    A verb is reflexive when the subject and the object are the same.

    I wash myself.    subject: I       verb: wash     object: myself

    Since the subject and object are the same, the verb is reflexive.

    Note: I wash the car.  subject: I    verb: wash   object: car

    Since the subject and object are different, the verb is not reflexive.

    1. In Spanish when a verb is reflexive, the infinitive ends in “se.”

    lavarse to wash oneself (reflexive)      Lavar  to wash (non-reflexive)

    1. To learn to conjugate reflexive verbs in Spanish, you need to learn a different set of pronouns called “reflexive pronouns.” These pronouns are positioned before the verb, while the ending “se” is dropped and the verb is conjugated normally (Remember: The verb is conjugated normally, for example: Llamar: yo llamo, tú llamas, usted llama, él llama, ella llama, nosotros llamamos, ustedes llaman, ellos llaman. Remember the position of the reflexive pronouns: In front of the conjugated verb: For example, Yo ME llamo (I call myself).

    Note: Refer to the reflexive pronouns table FOR THE SPANISH PRONOUNS.

    1. Place of reflexive pronouns: In front of the conjugated verb: Yo ME llamo Jorge

    Formula: Subject (yo) + Pronoun (me) + conjugated verb (llamo)

     

    1. Know the meaning of the following reflexive verbs:

    Acostarse to go to bed.

    Bañarse to have a bath.

    Cepillarse to brush.

    levantarse to get up.

    llamarse to be called.

    Vestirse to get dressed.

    Lavarse to wash.

    Mirarse To look at oneself.

    Maquillarse To put make up on.

    Peinarse to comb one’s hair

     

    1. Translate the following sentences to Spanish (use the reflexive pronouns):     A. She brushes her teeth      B. You wash your hair    C. He looks in the mirror.     D. Maria puts make-up on her face.      E. I comb my hair

     7. Complete the following phrases (Fill in the blanks):

     A. Yo_________  levanto temprano todos los días. (levantarse)

     B. Él__________  viste rápidamente.(vestirse)

     C. ¿Ustedes____  bañan todos los días? (bañarse)

     

    1. How do you know if a verb is reflexive?   A.  It ends in "ar"    B. It ends in "er"      C.  It ends in "ir"    D. It ends in "se" after the "ar", "er", or "ir"

     

    1. Some verbs use the reflexive pronoun only sometimes. When would the verb "lavar" (to wash) not use the reflexive pronoun?
      - Lavo el coche
      - Me lavo el pelo

     A. When the speaker feels like saying the reflexive pronoun or not.          B.  Only if the verb ends in "ar"          C. When the action of "washing" is done to something or someone else            D. Depends if the object is a human or a car

     

    1. Complete the phrase (fill in the blank)      Ustedes (_____) las manos antes de comer.     A.  lavan   B.  lávense   C.   se lavan    D.  nos lavan

    NOTE: For the test: 1. Know the reflexive pronouns Spanish/English.

    2. Know how to translate reflexive phrases (5) from Spanish to English; for example: Me llamo Maria = My name is Maria.

     11/3/2019

    Reading (in Spanish) for Comprehension

    Reading (in Spanish) for comprehension  is a very important part of the curriculum. The clas has started to read simple histories in Spanish. First, they read the story silently, them identify the verbs (action words), read the story again (this time aloud), and finally the meaning of the story is clarified.

    11/172019

    The class is starting to study the simple past tense in Spanish.

    Simple Past Tense in Spanish (Pasado Simple)

    The simple past tense in Spanish is for completed past actions with a clear beginning or ending. For example,

    • I ate pizza last night – Anoche yo comí pizza.
    • Colombia won the soccer game – Colombia ganó el partido de fútbol.
    • To form the simple past tense in Spanish, one adds the proper (past tense) endings to the verb base (the base of the verb is the verb without the AR, ER, IR, for example:

    Hablar = Habl.  Comer= Com.  Vivir = viv).

     

    For AR ending verbs:

    Verb in the infinitive:

    Pronoun:

     Verb Base:

    Ending for the simple past:

    Hablar

    Yo

    habl

    é

    Hablar

    habl

    aste

    Hablar

    Usted

    habl

    ó

    Hablar

    Él, Ella

    habl

    ó

    Hablar

    Nosotros

    habl

    amos

    Hablar

    Vosotros

    habl

    asteis

    Hablar

    Ustedes

    habl

    aron

    Hablar

    Ellos, Ellas

    habl

    aron

     

    For ER ending verbs:

    Verb in the infinitive:

    Pronoun:

     Verb Base:

    Ending for the simple past:

    Comer

    Yo

    com

    í

    Comer

    com

    iste

    Comer

    Usted

    com

    Comer

    Él, Ella

    com

    Comer

    Nosotros

    com

    imos

    Comer

    Vosotros

    com

    isteis

    Comer

    Ustedes

    com

    ieron

    Comer

    Ellos, Ellas

    com

    ieron

     

    For IR ending verbs:

    Verb in the infinitive:

    Pronoun:

     Verb Base:

    Ending for the simple past:

    Vivir

    Yo

    viv

    í

    Vivir

    viv

    iste

    Vivir

    Usted

    viv

    Vivir

    Él, Ella

    viv

    Vivir

    Nosotros

    viv

    imos

    Vivir

    Vosotros

    viv

    isteis

    Vivir

    Ustedes

    viv

    ieron

    Vivir

    Ellos, Ellas

    viv

    ieron

     

    The following exercise gives the students the opportunity to practice the preset tense and the simple past tense in Spanish:

    Verbs:

    Pronouns:

    Present Tense

    Simple Past Tense

    1.    Hablar

    yo

    hablo

    hablé

    2.    Comer

    comes

    comiste

    3.    Vivir

    él

    vive

    vivió

    4.    Tomar

    ella

     

     

    5.    Escribir

    nosotros

     

     

    6.    Llamar

    usted

     

     

    7.    Cenar

    ustedes

     

     

    8.    Visitar

    ellos

     

     

    9.    Salir

    ellas

     

     

    10.          Ayudar

    yo

     

     

    11.          Desayunar

     

     

    12.          Esperar

    él

     

     

    13.          Levantar

    ella

     

     

    14.          Mirar

    Ustedes

     

     

    15.          Trabajar

    Usted

     

     

    16.          Necesitar

    ustedes

     

     

    17.          beber

    ellos

     

     

    18.          contestar

    ellas

     

     

    19.          comprar

    yo

     

     

    20.          Bailar

    yo

     

     

    21.          Escribir

    usted

     

     

    22.          Bañarse

    yo

     

     

    23.          Levantarse

    yo

     

     

    24.          Desayunarse

    yo

     

     

    25.          Cenar

    yo

     

     

     

    TO REVIEW THE PAST TENSE (PRETERITE)

     

    Preterite Tense Forms

    The Spanish preterite tense (el pretérito)

    is used to describe actions completed at a point in the past.

    The Spanish preterite is not used to describe habitual or continuous actions in the past with no specific beginning or end. In such cases, the imperfect tense is used.

    Regular Spanish Preterite Forms

    There are only two sets of endings for regular preterite verbs, one for -ar verbs and one for both -er and -ir verbs. To conjugate a regular verb in the preterite tense, simply remove the infinitive ending (-ar, -er, or -ir) and add the preterite ending that matches the subject. Check out the table of regular preterite endings below.

    Regular Preterite Verb Endings

    Subject

    -ar Verbs

    -er and -ir Verbs

    yo

    -aste

    -iste

    él, ella, usted

    -ió

    nosotros

    -amos

    -imos

    vosotros

    -asteis

    -isteis

    ellos, ellas, ustedes

    -aron

    -ieron

    Keep an Eye on the Accents

    Note that the first person singular (yo), third person singular (él, ella), and second person formal singular (usted) preterite forms have tildes

     (written accents) on the final vowel. Keep in mind that one little tilde can change both the tense and subject of a sentence. For example:

    With a tilde:

    Mandó una carta.

    He/She sent a letter.

    Without a tilde:

    Mando una carta.

    I send a letter.

    https://www.spanishdict.com/guide/spanish-preterite-tense-forms

     

    HOMEWORK

    PLEASE COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING FORMS OF THE VERB IN THE PAST TENSE

    Hablar = to speak

    Yo_____________________

     

    Tú _____________________

    Usted___________________

     

    Él/ella___________________

     

    Nosotros________________

     

    Vosotros________________

    Ustedes_________________

     

    Ellos/ellas_______________

     



     

    Entender = to understand

    Yo______________________

     

    Tú______________________

    Usted___________________

     

    Él/ella___________________

     

    Nosotros________________

     

    Vosotros________________

    Ustedes_________________

     

    Ellos/ellas________________

     

       

     

    Recibir = to receive

    Yo______________________

     

    Tú______________________

    Usted___________________

     

    Él/ella___________________

     

    Nosotros________________

     

    Vosotros________________

    Ustedes_________________

     

    Ellos/ellas_______________

     

     

    Levantarse = to get up

    Yo______________________

    Tú______________________

    Usted___________________

    Él/ella___________________

    Nosotros________________

    Vosotros________________

    Ustedes_________________

    Ellos/ellas________________

     

    Note: 32 points total (1 point for each pronoun. El/ella= 1 point.

    Ellos/ellas= one point).

    HOMEWORK DUE ON: FRIDAY, 12/13/19

     

    GREETINGS!

     

    It is necessary to clarify the IB “grade” (level)  that will be reported to the students in the near future.

     

     The IB “grade” is NOT an academic grade; it is a level of proficiency.  The IB “grade” (level) is NOT included when computing the student’s  grade point average.

     

    The IB “grade” simply refers to a level of proficiency achieved by the student in a particular subject/field.

     

    There are 2 criterions that will be used regarding my Spanish class, when reporting the IB “grade”  (level):

    • Criretion C: Communicating in response to spoken/and or written, and /or visual text.
    • Criterion D: Using language in a spoken and/or written form.

    For example, if the report states that the student has achieved an “Achievement level” between 1-2, it simply means that the student may make attempts to respond to simple short phrases and basic information…”  (It does not mean that the students has a 1-2 for an academic grade).

     

     Below are Criterion C and Criterion D with the achievement levels ( 0-8) and the respective explanation for the level.

     

    Language acquisition assessment criteria: Phase 1

     Criterion C: Communicating in response to spoken and/or written and/or visual text

    Maximum: 8

    At the end of phase 1, students should be able to:

    1. respond appropriately to simple short phrases
    2. interact in simple and rehearsed exchanges, using verbal and non-verbal language

    iii. use basic phrases to communicate ideas, feelings and information on a variety of aspects of everyday topics

    1. communicate with a sense of audience.

     

    Achievement level

    Level descriptor

    0

     

    The student does not reach a standard described by any of the descriptors below.

     

    1–2

    The student:

    i.               makes limited attempt to respond to simple short phrases and basic information in spoken and/or written and/or visual text; responses are often inappropriate

    ii.            interacts minimally in simple and rehearsed exchanges, using verbal and non-verbal language

    iii.            uses minimal basic phrases to communicate ideas, feelings and information on a limited range of aspects of everyday topics

    iv.            communicates with a limited sense of audience.

     

    3–4

    The student:

    i.              responds to simple short phrases and basic information in spoken and/or written and/or visual text, though some responses may be inappropriate

    ii.            interacts to some degree in simple and rehearsed exchanges, using verbal and non-verbal language

    iii.           uses some basic phrases to communicate ideas, feelings and information on a limited range of aspects of everyday topics

    iv.            communicates with some sense of audience.

     

    5–6

    The student:

    i.               responds appropriately to simple short phrases and basic information in spoken and/or written and/or visual text

    ii.             interacts considerably in simple and rehearsed exchanges, using verbal and non-verbal language

    iii.            uses basic phrases to communicate ideas, feelings and information on some aspects of everyday topics

    iv.            communicates with a considerable sense of audience.

     

    7–8

    The student:

    i.               responds in detail and appropriately to simple short phrases and basic information in spoken and/or written and/or visual text

    ii.             interacts confidently in simple and rehearsed exchanges, using verbal and non-verbal language

    iii.            uses basic phrases effectively to communicate ideas, feelings and information on a variety of aspects of everyday topics

    iv.            communicates with an excellent sense of audience.

     

     

    Criterion D: Using language in spoken and/or written form

     Maximum: 8

     At the end of phase 1, students should be able to:

    1. write and/or speak using a basic range of vocabulary, grammatical structures and conventions; when speaking, use clear pronunciation and intonation
    2. organize basic information and use a range of basic cohesive devices
    • use language to suit the context.

     

    Achievement level

    Level descriptor

    0

    The student does not reach a standard described by any of the  escriptors below.

    1–2

    The student:

    i.                     has difficulty to write/speak using a basic range of vocabulary, grammatical structures and conventions; when speak ing, uses pronunciation and intonation with many errors, making understanding difficult

    ii.                   organizes limited basic information, and basic cohesive devices are not used

    iii.                   makes minimal use of language to suit the context.

    3–4

    The student:

    i.                     writes/speaks using a basic range of vocabular y, grammatical structures and conventions, with some inappropriate choices; when speaking, uses pronunciation and intonation with some errors, some of which make understanding difficult

    ii.                   organizes some basic information and uses a limited range of basic cohesive devices, not always appropriately

    iii.                  uses language to suit the context to some degree.

    5–6

    The student:

    i.                     writes/speaks making good use of a basic range of vocabulary, grammatical structures and conventions, generally accurately; when speaking, uses pronunciation and intonation with some errors, though these do not interfere with comprehensibility

    ii.                   organizes basic information and uses a limited range of basic cohesive devices accurately

    iii.                  usually uses language to suit the context.

    7–8

      The student:

    i.                     writes/speaks effectively using a basic range of vocabulary, grammatical structures and conventions accurately; when speaking, uses clear pronunciation and excellent intonation, making communication easy

    ii.                   organizes basic information clearly and uses a range of basic cohesive devices accurately

    iii.                  uses language effectively to suit the context.

     

     

     3/2/2020

    The class has reviewed and learned about the Direct Objects and  the Direct Object Pronouns in Spanish.

    Textbook: Page 174

    The Direct Object Pronouns in Spanish are:

    SINGULAR:                                            PLURAL:

    Me - Me                                               Nos - Us

    Te  - You                                               Os -You (familiar)

    Lo - You, Him, It                                    Los - You (mas. form), Them (mas.)

     La - You, Her, It                                    Las - You (fem. form), Them (fem.)

     

    Also, the class reviewed and learned about the Indirect Object and the Indirect Object Pronouns.

    Textbook: Page 202

    The Indirect Object Pronouns ain Spanish are:

    SINGULAR:                                         PLURAL:

    Me - to/for me                                     Nos -  to/for us

    Te -  to/for you (familiar)                      os  - to/for you (familiar)

    Le - to/for you (formal)                        Les - to/for you (formal)

           to/for him, her                                      to/for them.

     

    PROJECT:         

    The class has completed the first step of the project: Spanish Speaking Country Brochure. The students chose a Spanish Speaking Country and developed the brochure, which contained information, in Spanish, about several topics, including: The population, main products, famous person, the capital city and the national flag. The idea of the project is for the students to know the culture of the Spanish Speaking Countries.

    During the first two weeks of the month of March (March 2 - 13, 2020), the students will be presenting the second part of the project: Oral reports about the information contained in the brochures. The students have the specific topics they need to address during the talk. The talk will be in Spanish.

     

    VOCABULARY QUIZ:

    A vocabulary quiz will be given to the classes as follows:

    Friday, 3/6/2020 - Spanish B

    Monday, 3/9/200 - Spanish A

    Here is the vocabulary list for the quiz:

    1. Tener que + infinitive = to have to (obligation, no choice)
    2. Deber + infinitive = should  (implies moral obligation)
    1. Hay que + infinitive = need to do, must, it is necessary
    1. Ir a + infinitive = going to
    2. Por = by
    3. Para = for, to
    4. Qué? = what?
    5. Cuál = which ?
    6. Saber = to know facts, information
    7. Conocer = to know (people, to be  acquainted with)

     

     3/7/2020

     

                                                   Last Day to Sumit the answers 3/13/2020

    BONUS POINTS               BONUS POINTS                BONUS POINTS               BONUS POINTS

    Answer the following Spanish questions (1-5) to obtain the Bonus Points.

    REVIEW – SPANISH

    1. REFLEXIVE VERBS – REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS: (Textbook page 236)

    The Reflexive Pronouns are:

    YO =______TÚ =______USTED =______ÉL/ELLA =______NOSOTROS =_______

    USTEDES =________ELLOS/ELLAS =__________

     

    1. DIRECT / INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUNS: (Textbook page 202)

    Write the Direct/Indirect Object Pronouns corresponding to the underlined

    Direct /Indirect Object:

     

    Él compra la pluma (he buys the pen). The Direct Object Pronoun is:_______

     

    Juan come dos sándwiches. (John  eats two sandwiches). The Direct Object Pronoun is:______

     

    Juan ve a Maria  (John sees Maria).  The Direct Object Pronoun is:___________

     

    Juan compra un regalo  a Maria (John buys Mary a gift). The Indirect Object Pronoun in Spanish is:__________

     

    Ella escribe una carta a ellos (she writes a letter to them). The Indirect Object Pronoun in Spanish is:__________.

     

    1. GUSTAR (Textbook page 246)

    Complete the phrases with the proper pronoun (me, te, le, nos, os, les) and the verb gusta or gustan.

    A mi__________    _______________el nuevo libro. (I like the new book)

    A nosotros ____________     ___________ la casa roja. (We like the red house)

    A Usted  _______   _________  los deportes (you like sports)

     

    1. TRANSLATE INTO ENGLISH AND EXPLAIN:

    Saber:_____________________________________________________

    Conocer:___________________________________________________

    Estar:______________________________________________________

    Ser:_______________________________________________________

    1. THE PRESENT PROGRESSIVE IN ENGLISH = TO BE + ING (I am speaking).

    (Textbook page166)

    Complete the following statements about the Progressive form in Spanish.

    Progressive Form in Spanish is =:

    Estar + verb base + __________for verbs ending in –AR,

    Estar + verb base +____________for verbs ending in -ER, -IR.

     

    3/30/20

     DISTANCE LEARNING 

    IMPORTANT INFORMATION:

    My Email: pedro.gomez@marion.k12.fl.us

     

    STARTING ON 4/1/20, I WILL BE KEEPING THE FOLLOWING SCHEDULE FOR DIRECT CONTACT WITH PARENTS AND STUDENTS (Please contact me through the Website):

    MONDAY - TO - FRIDAY:  

    9:30 A.M    TO     10:30 A.M

    1:30 P.M.   TO        2:30 P.M.

     

    VIRTUAL LESSON/ASSIGNMENT - VIRTUAL LESSON/ASIGNMENT - VIRTUAL LESSON/ASSIGNMENT -- VIRTUAL LESSON/ASSIGNMENT 

    This assignment covers the following dates:

     From: WEDNESDAY APRIL 1ST, 2020

    To:  WEDNESDAY APRIL 8TH, 2020

     Answers due:  April 8/2020

     

    This exercise has two (2) sections.

     Section I: The grammar.

     Section II: Translation from English to Spanish.

     

    DIRECTIONS: 

    1. Please, review the grammar (section I) 
    1. Translate phrases from English to Spanish (section II) 
    1. E-mail the translated phrases (section II) to the teacher (due date: 4/8/20)

     

     Lesson’s Tittle:

    Seis (6) maneras de usar un verbo  --  Six (6) ways to use a verb (the action word)

     

    SECTION I: GRAMMAR

    A verb may be used in 6 different forms: 

    1. Present Tense:

    To conjugate the verb in the present tense:

    Find the base of the verb (base = infinitive less the -AR, -ER, -IR.  Example = Hablar less -AR = Habl)

     and then add  the proper ending for each person (pronouns):

    Verbs ending in –AR (example: Hablar = to speak)

     Person:               Base:    +    Endings:     Example:  

      Yo (I)                  habl     +    o                 Yo hablo (I speak)

      Tú (you)              habl    +    as                Tú hablas (you speak)

      Usted (you)         habl    +     a                  Usted habla (you speak)

      Él, Ella                  habl    +     a                  Él, ella habla (he,she speaks)

      Nosotros (we)     habl    +    amos            Nosotros hablamos (we speak)

      Ustedes (you)      habl    +   an                 Ustedes hablan (you all speak)

      Ellos (they)          habl    +  an                  Ellos/as hablan (they

     Verbs ending in –ER: (example Comer = to eat)

     Person:               Base:  +    Endings:     Example:  

      Yo (I)                 com    +    o                   Yo como (I eat)

      Tú (you)             com    +    es                 Tú comes (you eat)

      Usted (you)        com    +    e                   Usted come (you eat)

      Él, Ella                com    +    e                   Él, ella come (he,she eats)

      Nosotros (we)     com   +    emos              Nosotros comemos (we eat)

      Ustedes (you)     com    +   en                  Ustedes comen (you all eat)

      Ellos (they)         com    +   en                  Ellos/as comen (they eat)

     Verbs ending in –IR: (example = Vivir = to live)

     Person:               Base:  +    Endings:     Example:  

      Yo (I)                 viv      +    o                    Yo vivo (I live)

      Tú (you)             viv      +    es                  Tú vives (you live)

      Usted (you)        viv      +    e                    Usted vive (you live)

      Él, Ella                viv      +    e                    Él, ella vive (he,she lives)

      Nosotros (we)     viv    +   imos                Nosotros vivimos (we live)

      Ustedes (you)      viv    +   en                   Ustedes viven (you all live)

      Ellos (they)          viv    +   en                   Ellos/as viven (they live) 

                                                 

    1. To be + Ing (The progressive form).  Example: I am speaking.

    In Spanish:

    Use the verb ESTAR + verb base  +  ando (-AR ending verbs) Example: Yo estoy hablando = I am speaking

    Use the verb  ESTAR + verb base  + iendo (-ER, -IR ending verbs) Example: Yo estoy comiendo = I am eating

     ESTAR (to be) is conjugated as follows:

    Yo estoy = I am

    Tú estás  = you (familiar) are

     Usted está = you (polite) are

     Él, Ella está = he, she is

     Nosotros estamos = we are

     Ustedes están = you all are

     Ellos, Ellas están = they are

     

    1. Going to + infinitive = ir a + infinitive. Examples: I am going to study = yo voy a estudiar. You are going to study = Usted va a                                                                                                                                                                                                       estudiar

     Ir a (going to ) is conjugated as follows:

     Yo voy a = I am going to

     Tú vas a =  You (familiar) are going to

     Usted va a = You (polite) are going to

     Él, Ella va a = He, she is going to

     Nosotros vamos a = We are going to

     Ustedes van a = You all are going to

     Ellos, Ellas van a = They are going to

     

    1. To have to + Infinitive (tener que + infinitive)  Example: I have to study = Yo tengo que estudiar

     Tener que is conjugated as follows:

    Yo tengo que = I have to

     Tú tienes que = You have to

     Usted tiene que = You (polite) have to

     Él, Ella tiene que = He, she has to

     Nosotros tenemos que =  We have to

     Ustedes tienen que = You have to

     Ellos, Ellas tienen que = They have to

      

    1. To like to + Infinitive_(gustar + Infinitive)

    The indirect object pronouns are used with gustar. 

     There are only two forms to use with gustar: 

     GUSTA for the singular (only one thing, person, etc. is liked) Example: Me gusta la casa (I like the house)

     GUSTAN for the plural (many thing, persons, etc. are liked)  Example: Me gustan las casas ( I like the houses)

     Indirect object pronouns:

    Singular:                         Plural:

    Me (to, for) me               Nos (to, for) us                                  

    Te (to, for you)               os (to, for) you familiar                                   

    Le (to, for) you polite     Les (to, for) you polite

         ( to, for) him, her             (to, for) them               

     

    1. To want + Infinitive (desear + Infinitive)

    When there are two verbs in a sentence, the first verb is conjugated and the second verb is in the infinitive.

     Example:  I want to study (I want is conjugated and to study is in  the infinitive).

     In Spanish, the same pattern is followed: Yo deseo estudiar

     Desear is conjugated as follows:

    Yo deseo = I want

     Tú deseas  = You want

     Usted desea = You want

     Él, Ella desea = He, she wants

     Nosotros deseamos = We want

     Ustedes desean = You want

     Ellos, Ellas desean = They want

     

    SECTION II: (Translate the 6 sentences below and E-mail them to me.  Due on 4/8/20)

     TRANSLATE the following phrases from English to  Spanish:

     

    1. Mary and I speak Spanish:_____________________

     

    1. You (familiar) are eating breakfast:______________

     

    1. They are going to write a letter:_________________

     

    1. I have to get up at seven in the morning:__________

     

    1. We like to read stories:_________________________

     

    1. He wants to buy a car:_________________________

    Notes:

    1. Just e-mail me Section II (the 6 translated sentences).
    2. Total 30 points (5 points each sentence).
    3. I will be checking the conjugation of the verbs.
    4. You have until April 8th, 2020 to e-mail me your answers.
    5. Do not use Google Translator to translate the sentences. Use Google as a dictionary only.

    My Email: pedro.gomez@marion.k12.fl.us

     

     Marion County Public Schools may record online classroom sessions utilizing third-party platforms (Zoom, Google Classroom, etc.).  These recordings will only be used for educational purposes and may be shared on other learning platforms.  If you do not want your child’s image or identifying information recorded, utilize your device/platform controls to stop the camera feed from your device.