• US Government Unit 5 Vocabulary Words

     

    commander in chief 

    Highest ranked person of the military forces. According to the U.S. Constitution, the president is commander in chief of the nation's armed forces

    executive orders 

    Directives issued by the president, including Presidential Directives, National Security Directives, and Homeland Security Presidential Directives. Presidents have issued such orders since 1789. Such orders are open to the public, except for National Security Directives.

    executive power 

    The authority to carry out and enforce the law. 

    bureaucracy 

    Governmental departments and agencies and their staffs, principally civil service members and political appointees.

    cabinet 

    The group of advisors to the president composed of the heads of the departments of the executive branch and certain other officials. Cabinet advice to U.S. presidents is not binding, as opposed to parliamentary systems, where the consensus of cabinets is said to bind prime ministers.

    civil service 

    Employment in federal, state or provincial, and local governmental agencies. The civil service was formed in an effort to reduce political patronage and promote professionalism in government.

    independent agencies 

    Administrative organizations located outside the structure of executive departments.

    patronage 

    Support, often financial, given by a person or institution to a person, group, or institution in need.

    quasi–judicial powers 

    Actions of an agency, board, or other government entity in which there are hearings, orders, judgments, or other activities similar to those of courts.

    quasi–legislative powers 

    Having a partly legislative character by possession of the right to make rules and regulations having the force of law. 

     

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  • UNIT 3 Vocabulary

     

     

    Bias  

    Campaign funding

    Linkage institutions

    Lobbying

    Mass media

    Political Action Committee  

    Hard money  

    Interest group 

    Issue ads

    Public opinion

    Public policy

    Soft money

    Suffrage

    Political parties

    Polls

    Primary campaigns

    Caucus

    Direct democracy 

    Elections 

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  • Unit 2 Vocabulary Text Wednesday 9/12/2018

    Unit 2 Test Friday 9/14/2018

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  • Three Types of Governments to Know:

    • Federal : power splits btwn independent states and a central govt.
    • Confederal : association of independent states. Power rests in each individual state, whose representatives meet to address the needs of the group.
    • Unitary: all the power rests in a central gov’t.
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    Unit 2 US Government Vocabulary Words

    • Cooperative Federalism- belief that all levels of gov’t should work together to solve problems
    • Concurrent Powers- the power that is shared by both the federal and state gov’ts
    • Delegated Powers- powers assigned to one government agency, but delegated to another agency with express permission. Example- the Food and Drug Administration. The power to create this bureaucracy was given to the executive branch by Congress.
    • Expressed Powers / Enumerated Powers - the power explicitly granted to by the Constitution to the National gov’t
    • Implied Powers – The powers assumed by the government that are not specifically listed in the Constitution.
    • Inherent Powers – Those delegated powers by the Constitution that are assumed to belong to the national gov’t because it is a sovereign state
    • Reserved Powers – powers not specifically mentioned in the Constitution, but they belong to the states b/c the constitution neither delegates these powers to the National gov’t nor prohibits them to the states.
    • Judicial Review – the power of the Judicial branch to check the power of the legislative and executive branches by declaring their acts unconstitutional
  • Terms to Study


    democracy 

    Literally defined as "rule of the people," democracy is a form of government in which all citizens exercise political power, either directly or through their elected representatives. See alsorepresentative democracy    

    divine right 

    The idea prevalent in early modern Europe that monarchs derive their authority directly from God. Adherents to this doctrine claimed that to disobey such monarchs, to attempt to replace them, or to limit their powers is contrary to the will of God. Also known as the divine right of kings.    


    Magna Carta 

    Also known as the Great Charter, King John of England agreed to this document in 1215 at the demand of his barons. The Magna Carta granted certain civil rights and liberties to English nobles and to all "freemen," such as the right to a jury of one's peers and the guarantee against loss of life, liberty, or property except in accordance with law. Some rights were guaranteed for all the king's subjects, free or not free. In doing so, the Magna Carta limited the power of the king, who agreed that his will could be bounded by law, and became a landmark in the history of constitutional government.   



    natural rights 

    The doctrine that people have basic rights, such as those to life, liberty, and property in a state of nature. Some writers, especially those influencing the American Founders, argued that certain of these rights are inalienable-inherent in being human-and that people create governments to protect those rights.    


    social contract theory 

    Presumption of an imaginary or actual agreement among people to set up a government and obey its laws. The theory was developed by the English natural rights philosopher John Locke, among others, to explain the origin of legitimate government.   

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