1. Protestant Reformation 
    2. Absolutism
    3. Christian humanism
    4. Indulgences 
    5. Justification-by-faith 
    6. Predestination 
    7. Catholic Reformation 
    8. Divine right monarchy
    1. Scientific Revolution
    2. Geocentric theory
    3. Heliocentric theory
    4. World-machine
    5. Cartesian dualism
    6. Rationalism
    7. Scientific method
    8. Newton’s Laws of Motion
    1. Renaissance
    2. Humanism
    3. The Divine Comedy
    4. Illumination (art)
    5. natural law
    6. philosophy
    7. scholasticism
    8. primogeniture
    9. secular
    10. Machiavellianism