• Vocabulary (starting page 200 of the notebook) 1-20, 21-47, 48-7273-91)
    1. astrolabe
    2. caravels
    3. Line of Demarcation
    4. Treaty of Tordesillas
    5. circumnavigate
    6. Columbian Exchange
    7. conquistador
    8. encomienda system
    9. plantations 
    10. charter
    11. immune
    12. Christopher Columbus
    13. Ferdinand Magellan
    14. Jacques Cartier
    15. Juan Ponce de Leon
    16. Hernando DeSoto
    17. John Cabot
    18. Hernan Cortes
    19. Francisco Pizarro
    20. Bartolome de las Casas
    21. Jamestown
    22. John Rolfe
    23. John Smith
    24.
    Pocahontas
    25.
    indentured servants
    26.
    headright system
    27.
    Nathaniel Bacon
    28.
    Toleration Act of 1649
    29.
    slave codes
    30.
    plantation
    31.
    cash crop
    32.
    Pilgrims
    33.
    Mayflower Compact
    34.
    Squanto
    35.
    Plymouth
    36. Puritans
    37.
    Roger Williams
    38.
    Anne Hutchinson
    39.
    apprentice
    40.
    John Harvard
    41.
    New Amsterdam
    42.
    Quakers
    43.
    William Penn
    44.
    staple crops
    45.
    Triangular Trade
    46.
    Great Awakening
    47.
    salutary neglect
    48. French and Indian War 

    49. George Washington
    50. John Adams 
    51. Thomas Jefferson 
    52. Boston Tea Party 
    53. Boston Massacre
    54. Intolerable Acts
    55. Stamp Act of 1765 
    56. Proclamation Act of 1763 
    57. Quartering Act 
    58. Lexington and Concord 
    59. minutemen 
    60. Sons of Liberty 
    61. Samuel Adams 
    62. John Hancock 
    63. Paul Revere
    64. boycott 
    65. Battle of Saratoga
    66. Declaration of Independence 
    67. Battle of Yorktown
    68. Valley Forge
    69. Battle of Trenton 
    70. Battle of Bunker Hill 
    71. Thomas Paine 
    72. Benjamin Franklin 
    73. N
    orthwest Ordinance 

    1. Shays rebellion - Massachusetts rebellion against state taxes by farmers led by Daniel Shays; showed that a strong national government was needed to balance the abuses of state power
    2. Articles of Confederation - 1st US constitution that was discarded after 6 years because it was too weak to unite the 13 states and solve their problems
    3. inflation - rise in prices and reduced value of the dollar
    4. depression - low economic activity and high unemployment
    5. 78. tariffs - tax on imported goods
    6. constitution - highest law; sets up the powers and structure of government
    7. compromise - a settlement of differences in which each side gives up something
    8. Great Compromise - Settled disputes between states with large and small populations; created a bicameral legislature
    9. 3/5 compromise - Each slave would count for 3/5 of a person for taxation and representation purposes
    10. Federalist papers - A series of essays that were written showing support for the new Constitution
    11. Constitution - the 2nd constitution of the US; the detailed, written plan for US government that still exists today
    12. Constitutional Convention - meeting in 1787 in Philadelphia that was supposed to fix the Articles of Confederation but instead they wrote a new constitution
    13. Electoral College - A group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president based on that state's election results
    14. Virginia Plan - "Large state" proposal for the new legislature, calling for proportional representation (based on size) in both houses of a bicameral Congress. The plan favored larger states.
    15. New Jersey Plan - A constitutional proposal that would have given each state one equal vote in a new congress, regardless of size of the state. It favors the small states.
    16. Federalists - supporters of the Constitution and a strong central, government.
    17. Anti-Federalists - people who opposed the Constitution, and wanted strong state governments instead of a strong, central government
    18. Bill of Rights - The first ten amendments to the Constitution that listed many basic rights. It was added to satisfy the critics of the Constitution.