• 11/26

     

    READING

    CKLA Unit 3

    Poetry

     

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    SELECTION VOCABULARY 

    Science Vocabulary Study Guide: Motion (Test on Friday, 11/30)

    1. motion- the act or process of traveling in a specified direction
    2. force- the push or pull of an object
    3. gravity- the force of attraction between Earth and other objects
    4. friction- the force that resists motion when two objects are touching
    5. balanced forces- when the forces on an object are equal and in opposite directions
    6. unbalanced forces- when the force applied in one direction is greater than the force applied in the opposite direction
    7. speed- the rate at which an object is traveling
    8. acceleration- to increase the rate of speed of an object
    9. deceleration- to decrease the rate of speed of an object
    10. inertia- the force that keeps a moving object moving in a straight line
    11. potential energy- energy due to an object’s position or condition
    12. kinetic energy- the energy of motion
    13. direction- the line along which anything moves; the path something follows
    14. position- where an object is located

     

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    SPELLING

    No new words this week.

     

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    WRITING

    Chronology and Transition Words

    Expository Text/Five-Paragraph Essay 

     

     

    JOURNAL & HANDWRITING

    1. Journal:  Daily, students will write at least five complete and interesting sentences to a given prompt.  They will be graded on their focus, organization, support, and conventions.
    2. Handwriting:  Once we have finished learning all cursive letters, students will practice through spelling and select classroom assignments.  FYI:  Their trace-and-copy cursive papers are highlighted based on how they are forming their letters.  The following are some of the reasons their words may get highlighted:  for going above or below the lines; not retracing over their lines, but instead forming a loop where there shouldn’t be one; not dotting i’s or crossing t’s; picking up the pencil and making stray marks that make the letters look “hairy”; not slanting their letters properly, etc.  They have been told to look at my example and trace it before writing their own. They may retrace my example as many times as needed in order to get the right feel of the letter(s).

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    GRAMMAR

    Action Verbs: Present-Tense: Subject-Verb Agreement

    (1) An action verb tells what the subject does or did.

    (2) A verb in the present-tense tells what happens now.

    (3) The present-tense must have subject-verb agreement. Add -s to most verbs if the subject is singular. (Ex.: The roadrunner races across the empty desert.)

    (4) Do not add -s if the subject is plural or I or you. (Ex.: The passengers look out the window. I look out the door.)

    (5) Add -es to verbs that end is s, ch, sh, x, or z if the subject is singular. (Ex.: He swishes his long tail.)

    (6) Change y to i and add -es to verbs that end with a consonant and y. (Ex.: The snake hurries down the rock.)

    (7) Do not add -s or -es to a present-tense verb when the subject is plural or I or you. (Ex.: I buzz through the halls.)

    (8) For their test on Friday, students will have to read select sentences and choose the sentence with the correct subject-verb agreement. They will also have to find the present-tense verb that best fits other select sentences.

      

     

    UNIT 2 REVIEW: (Test on Monday, 11/26)

    Common Nouns & Proper Nouns 

    (1) A noun names a person, place, or thing.

    (2) A common noun names any person, place, or thing. (Ex.: teacher, city, dog)

    (3) A proper noun names a particular person, place, or thing. (Ex.: Ms. Brown, Ocala, Atlantic Ocean)

    (4) A proper noun begins with a capital letter.

    (5) Some proper nouns contain more than one word. Each important word begins with a capital letter. (Ex.: Statue of Liberty, Boston Red Sox)

    (6) The name of a day, month, or holiday begins with a capital letter. 

    Singular and Plural Nouns

    (1) A singular noun names one person, place, or thing. (Ex.: teacher, city, dog)

    (2) A plural noun names more than one person, place, or thing. (Ex.: teachers, cities, dogs)

    (3) Add -s to form the plural of most singular nouns. (Ex.: boys, girls)

    (4) Add -es to form the plural of singular nouns that end in s, sh, ch, or x. (Ex.: bosses, bushes, churches, boxes)

    (5) To form the plural of nouns ending in a consonant and y, change y to i and add -es. (Ex.: babies)

    (6) To form the plural of nouns ending in a vowel and y, add -s. (Ex.: monkeys)

    Irregular Plural Nouns

    (1) Some nouns have special plural forms. (Ex.: man/men; child/children; mice/mouse, etc.)

    (2) A few nouns have the same plural and singular form. (Ex.: sheep, shrimp, deer, etc.)

    (3) To determine whether the noun is singular or plural, look at the rest of the sentence. (Ex.: We caught live fish today. He dipped each shrimp into the cocktail sauce.)

    Singular Possessive Nouns & Plural Possessive Nouns (we will work on this for two weeks)

    (1) A possessive noun is a noun that shows who or what owns or has something.

    (2) A singular possessive noun is a singular noun that shows ownership.

    (3) Form a singular possessive noun by adding an apostrophe (‘) and -s to a singular noun. (Ex.: library’s; Mary’s)

    (4) A plural possessive noun is a plural noun that shows ownership.

    (5) To form the possessive of a plural that ends in s, add an apostrophe. (Ex.: firefighters’)

    (6) To form the possessive of a plural noun that does not end in s, add an apostrophe and -s. (Ex.: children’s)

    (7) A few nouns have the same plural and singular form. (Ex.: shrimp’s)

    Plural and Possessive Nouns (Mixed Review)

    (1) A plural noun names more than one person, place, or thing.

    (2) Add -s to most nouns to form the plural. Do not use an apostrophe.

    (3) To form the plural of most nouns that end in y, change the y to i and add -es.

    (4) A possessive noun is a noun that shows who or what owns or has something.

    (5) A singular possessive noun is a singular noun that shows ownership.

    (6) Form a singular possessive noun by adding an apostrophe (‘) and -s to a singular noun. (Ex.: library’s; Mary’s)

    (7) A plural possessive noun is a plural noun that shows ownership.

    (8) To form the possessive of a plural that ends in s, add an apostrophe. (Ex.: firefighters’)

    (9) To form the possessive of a plural noun that does not end in s, add an apostrophe and -s. (Ex.: children’s)

    (10) A few nouns have the same plural and singular form. (Ex.: shrimp’s)

     

     

    MECHANICS

    (1) A comma tells the reader to pause between the words that it separates.

    (2) Use commas to separate three or more words in a series.

    For example: We enjoyed the mountains, the trees, and the clouds in the park.

    (3) Do not use a comma after the last word in a series.

    (4) Begin the greeting and closing of a letter with a capital letter.

    (5) Use a comma after the greeting and closing in a letter.

    (6) Use a comma between the names of a city and state.

    (7) Use a comma between the day and the year in a date.

    (8) Use the following abbreviations for people’s titles: Mr., Mrs., Ms., Dr. (Doctor), Jr. (Junior), Sr. (Senior)

    (9) Use U.S. Postal Service abbreviations for the state name.

     

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    MATH

    Chapter 5: Factors, Multiples, and Patterns (Test on Thursday, 11/29)

    • model factors
    • factors and divisibility
    • problem solving/common factors
    • factors and mutlples
    • prime and composite numbers
    • number patterns

     

    • Chapter 6: equivalent fractions

     

    Multiplication Tables: Weekly Multiplication Tests: The students voted on the following schedule:

    • 0’s (tested 8/14)
    • 1’s (tested 8/15)
    • 2’s (tested 8/20)
    • 5’s (tested 8/24)
    • 10’s (tested 8/31)
    • 11’s (tested 9/7)
    • 12’s (tested 9/14)
    • 3’s (tested 9/21)
    • 4’s (tested 9/28)
    • 7’s (tested 10/5)
    • 9’s (tested 10/12)
    • 6’s (tested 10/19)
    • 8’s (tested 10/26)

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    SCIENCE  

    Science Fair Project Ideas Websites:

    Sciencebuddies.com

    Sciencebob.com (make sure you choose an experiment, not a demonstration)

    Education.com/science-fair

     

    Graphing Website:

    nces.ed.gov/nceskids/createAgraph/

     

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    Science Vocabulary Study Guide: Motion (Test on Friday, 11/30)

    1. motion- the act or process of traveling in a specified direction
    2. force- the push or pull of an object
    3. gravity- the force of attraction between Earth and other objects
    4. friction- the force that resists motion when two objects are touching
    5. balanced forces- when the forces on an object are equal and in opposite directions
    6. unbalanced forces- when the force applied in one direction is greater than the force applied in the opposite direction
    7. speed- the rate at which an object is traveling
    8. acceleration- to increase the rate of speed of an object
    9. deceleration- to decrease the rate of speed of an object
    10. inertia- the force that keeps a moving object moving in a straight line
    11. potential energy- energy due to an object’s position or condition
    12. kinetic energy- the energy of motion
    13. direction- the line along which anything moves; the path something follows
    14. position- where an object is located

     

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    Science Sound Energy Vocabulary Study Guide (Test on Monday, 11/12)

    1. vibration: a quick back and forth movement
    2. pitch: the degree of highness or lowness of a tone
    3. oscilloscope: an instrument used to measure sound waves
    4. frequency: the rate at which a vibration occurs
    5. sound: noise that is created by the vibration of matter
    6. wave: a pattern created by vibrations
    7. sonar: a system for detection of objects and for measuring depth by emitting sound pulses and measuring their return
    8. decibel: a unit used to measure the intensity of a sound
    9. intensity: the quality of strength or depth
    10. echo: sound caused by the reflection of sound waves from a surface back to the listener

     

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    Science Heat Energy Vocabulary Study Guide

    1. heat: energy that is transferred from a hotter substance to a cooler substance
    2. hydroelectric power: moving water used to create electrical energy
    3. insulate: to prevent the transfer of heat
    4. turbine: a tool used to create electricity from the wind
    5. radiation: energy that can travel through space
    6. conduction: the way heat travels through materials that are touching
    7. geothermal energy: energy from heat inside the Earth
    8. friction: the force that acts to slow the motion of things that are moving
    9. absorption: the process of taking in or soaking up
    10. reflection: bouncing back of a wave from a surface
    11. renewable resource: a resource that can be readily replaced by nature
    12. convection: a form of heat transfer in which heat moves through a substance because of the movement of the substance

     

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    SOCIAL STUDIES

    Chapter 2: The Regions of Florida 

     

    S.S. Chap. 2 Vocab. Study Guide (Tested on Thursday, 10/11)

    1) canopy road – road that has tall, moss-draped trees arching over it

    2) citrus fruit – crops such as oranges and grapefruits

    3) conserve – to limit the use of something

    4) coral reef – structures formed from shells of tiny sea animals

    5) hammock - group of trees growing on a small mound of land

    6) mineral resource - natural substance found in the ground or water

    7) nonrenewable - a resource that can run out

    8) phosphate – mineral used to make crop fertilizers

    9) plain – large area of fairly low, flat land        

    10) population boom – sudden increase in the population of an area

    11) population density – how many people on average live on each square mile of land

    12) renewable resource – resource that can be replaced

    13) resource – material that people use to meet their needs

    14) rural – having to do with the country

    15) urban – having to do with cities

    16) wetland – an area of swamps and marshes