Reading Skills



Degrees and Certifications:

Reading Skills


Meets College & Career Readiness: 520-820

Exceeds Expectation: 825 and above

Author’s Use of Language-figurative/descriptive language is language used by authors in writing to create a special effect or feeling or to make their writing more interesting.(Author’s language includes personification, similes, metaphors, and symbolism. It is used to describe people, feelings, and objects in the text.)

Author’s Purpose-the reason an author decides to write about a specific topic. (inform, persuade,entertain, or explain)

Author’s Point of View-refers to an author’s opinion and/or attitude about his/her topic.  Characters' actions and dialogue can show this.

Cause and Effect-notes a relationship between actions or events such that one or more are the result of the other or others.

Compare and Contrast-examining the similarities and differences between the characters, settings, events, author’s purpose, and/or main ideas of multiple texts.

Expository/Informational Text-gives information about real people, places, and events.

Text Features-important features of a story or informational text that help the reader understand the text. (table of contents, bold/italicized words, titles/subtitles, headings/subheadings, captions/text boxes, footnotes, key/legend, index, illustration, diagram, maps,etc.)

Main Idea-what the passage/text or section of the passage/text is MOSTLY about.

Key/Supporting Details-describe or support the main idea.

Sequence/Chronological (time) order-the order in which things happen in a passage/text.

Inference-information that is implied or inferred; the information is never clearly stated.

Story Elements-made up of the plot, characters, and setting, of a story. Good readers use a story’s  elements to help them figure out a story’s theme, problem/solution, conflict/resolution, etc.

Text Structure-the general organizational plan, framework, or form of text.The author may use comparison/contrast,
cause/effect, problem/solution, sequence of events, etc. to organize text.

Theme-an idea, message, or lesson that is suggested by a story.(Theme is different from main idea!  A main idea is specific, there is usually only one,and it cannot be used across stories. Ex: John learned how to be a good friend. A theme is general, there can be several, and one theme can apply to many stories. Ex: Friendship requires work.)

Multiple Meaning Words-words with more than one meaning.  Ex: right  (You had the right answer; Take a right at the next corner.)

Shades of Meaning-the degrees of meaning of a group of words.  Ex: hungry < starving <famished

Context Clues-Figuring out the meaning of an unfamiliar word by using the words and sentences around it (look for definitions, synonyms, antonyms, examples, and general clues).

Base Words/Affixes-Affixes are prefixes and suffixes that are added to base words to change their meaning.
(base word care + suffix ful =careful , meaning full of care)

Antonyms are words with opposite meanings.
Synonyms are words with the same or similar meanings.
Homophones are words that sound alike, may or may not be spelled alike, and mean different things. (heir/air)
Homographs are words that are spelled alike, may or may not sound alike, and mean different things. (bear: to carry, support; the animal bear) or Lead: to conduct, and lead: metal