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6TH GRADE ADVANCED EARTH SCIENCE LEOCE STUDY GUIDE NATURE OF SCIENCE
CHAPTERS: Nature of Science at beginning of text
KEY TERMS: scientific method, repetition, replication
1. The graph below shows the average monthly temperatures at one location on Earth over a three year period. What was the highest recorded temperature?
2. Study the graphic below:
In an experiment, a student filled one funnel with clay and another with humus (dirt). She poured one cup of water into the humus funnel and one cup of maple syrup into the clay funnel. She positioned the beakers to collect any liquids that was not held by the clay or humus (dirt). What did she do wrong in setting up this experiment?
3. Explain why scientists must repeat and replicate experiments.
4. What are the steps in the scientific method?
5. Why do scientific ideas change?
CHAPTERS: 11, 12, 13, 14.1, 15.3
KEY TERMS: climate, ocean currents (surface/deep – density), greenhouse gases, infrared radiation, global winds, evaporation, water cycle, weather, ozone layer, condensation, transpiration, precipitation, salinity, radiation, conduction, and convection, land breeze, sea breeze
6. Explain the Sun’s role in the water cycle.
7. Explain the effects of ocean currents on climate.
8. How are deep ocean currents formed?
9. What effect does Earth’s rotation have on global wind patterns?
10. What affects the salinity of the ocean?
11. What factors influence ocean surface temperature?
12. Compare and contrast weather and climate.
13. What components of the atmosphere protect life? How do they protect life?
14. Create a diagram showing all of the parts of the water cycle.
15. Know how to read a weather map to forecast future weather.
16. Explain how hurricanes are formed.
CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
KEY TERMS: erosion, igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic, fossils, delta, deposition, weathering, sinkhole, chemical weathering, cavern, deforestation, physical weathering
17. Explain the difference between weathering and erosion and how they affect coastlines.
18. Describe how weathering/erosion/deposition create deltas, sinkholes, canyons, and dunes
19. Identify the three main types of rocks, how they are formed, how they move through the rock cycle, and which contain fossils.
20. How does deforestation affect Earth’s surface?
21. How are sediments deposited?
22. How do hurricanes affect shorelines?
23. Identify the layers of the Earth in order.
24. What is superposition?
25. What evidence is used to divide geologic time?
CHAPTERS: 6, 7, 8, 9, 10.1, 15.1
KEY TERMS: tectonic plate boundary, earthquake, mid-ocean ridge, volcanoes, sediments, crust, mantle, core, uplift, hot spots, epochs, periods, convergent, divergent, transform, reverse and normal polarity, magnetic reversal, seismic wave
26. How are fossils used to support uplift and the Theory of Continental Drift?
27. Where do earthquakes and volcanoes most often occur?
28. What evidence supports the Theory of Continental Drift?
29. What ocean floor features are found at divergent and convergent boundaries?
30. What are the processes which cause volcanoes to form? (including hotspots)
31. Explain how the interior of the Earth is mapped.
CHAPTERS: 17, 18, 19, 20
KEY TERMS: geocentric model, revolve/revolution, rotate/rotation, Moon phases, astronomical unit, galaxy, solar system, universe, planet, telescope, probe, satellite, tide, solar eclipse, lunar eclipse. star
32. How are large distances in space measured?
33. Compare the size of objects in the universe.
34. Explain how color is related to the temperature of the star.
35. Describe the historical models of the solar system.
36. How does the planet’s period of revolution relate with its year?
37. Explain the law of Universal Gravitation.
38. Describe planetary movement through observation.
39. Describe how the position at the Sun, moon, Earth affect the appearance of moon phases, eclipses (lunar and solar) and tides.
40. How does the moon and Sun affect events on Earth?
41. Explain how technology is used to explore space.