2 major types of poetry
*Lyric Poetry: Focuses on the speaker’s state of mind or emotional state. Does not tell a story. Lyric poetry retains some of the elements of song (Greek writers sang poems accompanied by the sounds of the lyre)
3 major types of Lyric poems:
Elegy: A lament for the death of a particular person, such as Tennyson’s In Memoriam A.H.H.
Ode: A long lyric poem with a serious subject matter written in an elevated style, such as John Keats’ Ode to a Grecian Urn
Sonnet: Originally written as love poems, Shakespeare popularized the sonnet by writing over 150 during his time. They follow a strict rhyme scheme and meter (Meter: the rhythm of a poem, especially through stressed and unstressed syllables)
*Narrative Poetry: A story told in verse form. Might be a love story, a story about child and parent, the deeds of a hero/ heroine, etc.
3 major types of narrative poems:
Epic: Long works that deal with big events, such as the founding of a nation (Virgil’s Aeneid) or the beginning of world history (Milton’s Paradise Lost). Supernatural occurrences often take place.
Ballad: A song (originally a folk tale of the oral tradition). The ballad stanza is a four-line stanza which follows a strict rhyme scheme.
Idyll: A descriptive poem dealing with rustic life or pastoral scenes (country life) and the contentment and peace therein
Here are the first notes taken for our poetry unit . Included are links to the poems that we will be reading 1/14-1/18
Poems are broken into stanzas and lines. Many lines make up one stanza, the same way many sentences make up a paragraph.
Rhyme scheme- The rhyming pattern a poem follows. (i.e. ABAB)
Imagery- words that engage with ANY of our senses, but especially words that create a picture in our minds.
Repetition- to repeat something over and over to add emphasis.
In addition, we still need to remember the following:
Word choice (“diction”)
"Fire & Ice" by Robert Frost
A Some say the world will end in fire,
B Some say in ice.
A From what I’ve tasted of desire
A I hold with those who favor fire.
B But if it had to perish twice,
C I think I know enough of hate
B To say that for destruction ice
C Is also great
B And would suffice.
Notes on Edgar Allen Poe
- Poe was an orphan, along with his older brother and infant sister in 1811
- The 3 children were separated. Poe was raised by John & Frances Allan
- Poe attended the University of Virginia
- He learned Latin and French in addition to poetry
- In an attempt to support himself, Poe enlisted in the army (West Point)
- Shortly thereafter, Poe realized that literature was his true “calling” and tried to drop out of West Point
- John Allan (his foster father) refused to give Poe permission
- On October 7th, 1849 Poe died at the age of 40. It has been attributed to “acute congestion of the brain” as a result of drug and alcohol overdoses.
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I try to keep the list of school supplies limited in consideration of other classes and family budgets. I can provide certain materials to students for in-class assignments and am able, with enough notice, able to help procure some materials for school projects. Listed below are the essential supplies your student will need to bring to class everyday.
- Loose leaf paper and pencil
- 2 composition notebooks. One will be used exclusively for grammar notes. The other will be used for all other notes taken in class.
- 1 highlighter. Color does not matter.
- 1 folder. Duo tang plastic folders typically hold up throughout the year, but any folder should suffice as long as the student takes care of it.
There will be a few projects throughout the year, like the summer reading project that is due Friday, September 21st. Considering the range of projects varies, I cannot list out all of the necessary materials students will need for their projects. Make sure students speak with you about their projects to determine what items they may need to create well-crafted, organized projects.