This unit will be covering the Federal Government- the goals and purposes of the Preamble of the Constitution, the three branches of government, separation of powers, and checks and balances.
We will be covering three Florida State Standards this unit. They have been broken down into smaller categories and clarifications that we will be studying:
- SS.7.C.1.6: Interpret the intentions of the Preamble of the Constitution.
- Students will explain how the Preamble serves as an introduction to the U.S. Constitution, establishing the goals and purposes of government.
- Students will identify the goals and purposes of government as set forth in the Preamble of the U.S. Constitution (i.e., form a more perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity).
- Students will recognize that the intention of the phrase “We the People” means that government depends on the people for its power and exists to serve them.
- SS.7.C.3.3: Illustrate the structure and function (three branches of government established in Articles I, II, and III with corresponding powers) of government in the United States as established in the Constitution.
- Students will recognize the structure of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
- Students will compare the roles and responsibilities of the three branches of the federal government.
- Students will identify the general powers described in Articles I, II, and III of the U.S. Constitution.
- SS.7.C.1.7: Describe how the Constitution limits the powers of government through separation of powers and checks and balances.
- Students will explain the concept of limited government as set forth in the U.S. Constitution.
- Students will describe and distinguish between the concepts of separation of powers and checks and balances.
- Students will analyze how government power is limited by separation of powers and/or checks and balances.
- Students will be able to recognize examples of separation of powers and checks and balances.
Unit Essential Question: What are the principles and functions of the federal government of the United States and how is it organized?
Lesson Essential Questions:
- “What are the goals and purposes of government according to the Preamble?”
- “What is the structure and function of the United States government?”
- “How does the Constitution limit the powers of the government?”