This unit will be covering the Foundations of American Government- how did it all get started.
We will be covering four Florida State Standards this month. They have been broken down into smaller categories and clarifications that we will be studying:
- SS.7.C.1.1: Recognize how Enlightenment ideas including Montesquieu's view of separation of power and John Locke's theories related to natural law and how Locke's social contract influenced the Founding Fathers.
- Students will identify and describe the Enlightenment ideas of separation of powers, natural law, and social contract.
- Students will examine how Enlightenment ideas influenced the Founders' beliefs about individual liberties and government.
- Students will evaluate the influence of Montesquieu's and Locke's ideas on the Founding Fathers.
- SS.7.C.1.2: Trace the impact that the Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Mayflower Compact, and Thomas Paine's "Common Sense" had on colonists' views of government.
- Students will identify the important ideas contained in the Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Mayflower Compact, and Common Sense.
- Students will evaluate the impact that the Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, Mayflower Compact, and Common Sense had on the purposes of government.
- SS.7.C.1.3: Describe how English policies and responses to colonial concerns led to the writing of the Declaration of Independence.
- Students will trace the casual relationships between English/British policies, English responses to colonial grievances, and the writing of the Declaration of Independence.
- Students will recognize the underlying themes of English colonial policies concerning taxation, representation, and individual rights that formed the basis of the American colonists' desire for independence.
- SS.7.C.1.4: Analyze the ideas (natural rights, role of the government) and complaints set forth in the Declaration of Independence.
- Students will explain the concept of natural rights as expressed in the Declaration of Independence.
- Students will identify natural rights specifically expressed in the Declaration of Independence (life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness).
- Students will analyze the relationship between natural rights and the role of government (1. People are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; 2. Governments are instituted among men to secure these rights; 3. Governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed; and 4. Whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and to institute new government).
- Students will recognize the connection between specific grievances in the Declaration of Independence and natural rights' violations.
- Students will recognize colonial complaints as identified in the Declaration of Independence (imposing taxes without the consent of the people, suspending trail by jury, limiting judicial powers, quartering soldiers, and dissolving legislatures).
Unit Essential Question: How do we support the argument for independence using political, social, religious, and economic beliefs in the colonial period?
Lesson Essential Questions:
- How did the ideas of Montesquieu and Locke influence the Founding Fathers?
- What were some of the key influences on the colonists' views of government?
- What led to the writing of the Declaration of Independence?
- What are the ideas and complains in the Declaration of Independence?