• Unit 1 Vocabulary 

     

    Columbian Exchange- Exchanges of plants, animals, diseases and technology transformed European and Native American ways of life. 

    Conquistador- a conqueror, especially one of the Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century. 

    Plantation- an estate on which crops such as coffee, sugar, and tobacco are cultivated by resident labor 

    Middle Passage- the sea journey undertaken by slave ships from West Africa to the West Indies. 

    Northwest Passage- A sea route from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean through northwestern America, often sought by early explorers 

     

     

    Unit 2 Vocab 

    Jamestown- the first permanent English settlement in North America 

    Indentured Servants- people who signed a contract to work for 4 to 7 years for those who paid for their journey to America 

    John Smithwas an English adventurer, soldier, explorer, and author. He is famous for his role in the survival of Jamestown. 

    Mercantilism- belief in the benefits of profitable trading; commercialism 

    Bacon’s Rebellion- the first rebellion in the American Colonies. (Jamestown) 

    Pocahontas- a Native American woman known for her association with the colonial settlement at Jamestown 

    John Winthrop- Leading figure in the forming of the Massachusetts Bay Colony 

    Mayflower Compact- the first governing document in the Massachusetts Bay Colony written by the male passengers on the Mayflower 

    Puritans- a Protestant group that wanted to purify, or reform, the Anglican Church 

    Town Meetings- In town meetings people talked about and decided on issues of local interest, such as paying for schools 

    Charter- an official document granting permission to settle an area or establish a government 

    Colony- a country or area under the full or partial political control of another country 

    House of Burgesses- first official representative legislative government in the 13 colonies 

    Ft. Mose-  (Florida) Established in 1738, Fort Mose was the first free black settlement in what is now the United States

     

     

    Unit 3 Vocab 

    Stamp Act of 1765- This law required colonists to pay for an official seal, when they bought paper items 

    Boston Massacre- shooting in Boston by English soldiers against colonists 

    Boston Tea Party- disguised as Indians, colonists snuck aboard three tea filled ships and dumped over 340 tea chests into Boston Harbor 

    Intolerable Acts- several laws passed by England that angered many colonists 

    Quartering Act- required colonists to let British soldiers live in their houses 

     First Continental Congress (1774)- a meeting of colonial delegates in Philadelphia to decide how to respond to the closing of Boston Harbor, increased taxes, and abuses of authority by the British government; delegates petitioned King George III, listing the freedoms they believed colonists should enjoy  

    Patriots- American colonists who fought for independence from Great Britain during the Revolutionary War  

    Loyalists- colonists who sided with Britain in the American Revolution  

    Minutemen- American colonial militia members ready to fight at a minute’s notices 

    Common Sense (1776)-a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that criticized monarchies and convinced many American colonists of the need to break away from Britain 

    Battles of Lexington and Concord (1775)- first actual battles of the American Revolution. 

    Battle of Trenton (1776)-a Revolutionary War battle in New Jersey in which Patriot forces captured more than 900 Hessian troops  

    Battle of Saratoga (1777)-a Revolutionary War battle in New York that resulted in a major defeat of British troops; convinced France and Spain to help 

    Battle of Yorktown (1781)- the last major battle of the Revolutionary War; site of British general Charles Cornwallis’s surrender to the Patriots in Virginia

       

    Unit 4 Vocab 

    Constitution a set of basic principles that determines the powers and duties of a government  

    Articles of Confederation (1777) the document that created the first central government for the United States; was replaced by the Constitution in 1789  

    Northwest Ordinance of 1787- legislation passed by Congress to establish a political structure for the Northwest Territory and create a system for the admission of new states  

    Tariff a tax on imports or exports (p. 159) 

    Shays’s Rebellion (1786–87) an uprising of Massachusetts’s farmers, led by Daniel Shays, to protest high taxes, heavy debt, and farm foreclosures 

    Virginia Plan (1787) the plan for government proposed at the Constitutional Convention in which the national government would have supreme power and a legislative branch would have two houses with representation determined by state population 

    New Jersey Plan a proposal to create a unicameral legislature with equal representation of states rather than representation by population; rejected at the Constitutional Convention 

    Great Compromise (1787) an agreement worked out at the Constitutional Convention establishing that a state’s population would determine representation in the lower house of the legislature, while each state would have equal representation in the upper house of the legislature 

    Three-Fifths Compromise (1787) an agreement worked out at the Constitutional Convention stating that only three-fifths of the slaves in a state would count when determining its population for representation in the lower house of Congress  

     

     

     Writing About History PowerPoint

     Chapter 5 Terms List       

     Chapter 6 Terms List    CH6 Spanish Version

     Chapter 7 Terms List

     Articles vs. US Constitution

     Extra Credit Assignment

    Chapter 8 Terms List

    Chapter 9 Terms List

    Chapter 10 Terms List

    Unit 4 Review PowerPoint

    Chapter 11 Terms List

    Chapter 12 Terms List

    Chapter 13 Terms List

    Chapter 11, 12, and 13 Review PowerPoint

    Chapter 14 Terms List

    Chapter 15 Terms List

    Chapter 16 Terms List

    Chapter 17 Terms List