• Earth Processes

    Posted by Bronwyn Chen on 1/20/2020

    Earth Processes


    In this unit, students will:

    • observe and analyze several examples of each type of rock; emphasize the type of rock based on how it was formed.
    • understand that all rocks are made of different materials which give them different characteristics.
    • understand that weathering is the break down of rocks and erosion is the movement of rocks, and that they are done by different agents.




    Weathering - The breaking apart, wearing away, or dissolving of rock.

    Sediment - Material that comes from the weathering of rock.

    Abrasion - The scraping away of materials.

    Erosion - The picking up and moving of sediment to a new place.



    Mineral - A solid, nonliving material that forms in nature.

    Property - Something about an object that you can observe with your senses.

    Grains - Small mineral or rock pieces.

    Igneous Rock - Rock that forms when melted rock cools and hardens.

    Sedimentary Rock - Rock that forms when small pieces of rock and other materials settle and get squeezed or cemented together.

    Metamorphic Rock - Rock that has been changed by heat or pressure.



    Natural Resources- Materials that are found on Earth that people use.

    Renewable Resources - Materials that are continually being replaced and will not run out.

    Nonrenewable Resources - Materials that cannot be replaced quickly enough to keep from running out.

    Ore - rock that contains metal.

    Fossil Fuel - A source of energy that formed from the remains of things that lived millions of years ago.


    Websites & Online Resources

    StudyJam - Weathering & Erosion

    StudyJam - The Rock Cycle

    StudyJam - Igneous Rocks

    StudyJam - Sedimentary Rocks

    StudyJam - Metamorphic Rocks

    StudyJam - Minerals







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  • The Earth, Moon, and Sun

    Posted by Bronwyn Chen on 11/11/2019

    In this unit, students will be studying:

    • Stars - The patterns they make and how the seasons affect the stars we see
    • Moon - The 4 basic phases of the moon
    • Earth - The revolution and rotation of the Earth, how long each takes, and its affects on seasons and day/night.
    • Space Research & Technology - The affect of space research and exploration on Florida, and the technology tools used to see objects in space.


    • Do patterns of stars in the sky stay the same?
    • How do seasons affect the stars we see?
    • What are the four phases of the moon?
    • How long oes it take the Earth to revolve around the sun?
    • How long does it take the Earth to complete one rotation on its axis?
    • How does Earth's rotation relate to day/night?
    • How does space research and exploration affect Florida's culture and economy?
    • How do we use technology tools to see small and large things?


    • Rotate - To spin around
    • Axis - An imaginary line around which Earth spins.
    • Revolve - To move around another object.
    • Phase - A lighted part of the moon as it appears from Earth.













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  • Forces and Motion Unit

    Posted by BRONWYN CHEN on 10/14/2019

    Unit 5: Force and Motion

    Essential Questions:

    • What are types of forces?
    • What kinds of forces affect the motion of a given object?
    • How can forces cause objects to move?
    • How does the mass of an object affect the object's motion?
    • Why do still objects remain still even when force is applied?


    • Position - is where an object is located.
    • Motion - is a change in an object's position.
    • Force - is a push or a pull.
    • Direction - i sth epath of an object in motion.
    • Distance - is the amount of space between two places.
    • Speed - is the distance an object moves in a periods of time.






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  • Forms of Energy Unit

    Posted by Bronwyn Chen on 9/30/2019

    Essential Questions:

    • What is energy?
    • What are some forms of energy that you use every day?
    • How can water and air be used as sources of energy?
    • What are sources of electrical energy?
    • How does heat transfer from one object to another?
    • What types of material conduct heat best?
    • How is energy transfered?
    • What causes sound?
    • What is the relationship between sound and pitch?


    Energy - is the ability to do work or cause a change.

    Heat Energy - is the flow of energy from a warmer object to a cooler one. 

    Light Energy - is energy that can be seen. 

    Electricity - is the energy that flows through wires.

    Sound - is a form of energy that you hear. 

    Pitch - is show high or low a sound is.

    Vibrate - is a rapid, back-and-forth movement.


    Videos / Online Resources










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  • 4th Grade Science

    Posted by Bronwyn Chen on 7/1/2019

    4th Grade Science Overview and Resources


    Coming Soon

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