6th Grade Earth Science

  • The Checkerboard Mesa  

    What we are currently working on in class:

    End of Year Study Guide (Click on the Words Below)

    Study Guide

     Final Exams are on May 21st  and 23rd

    Periods 1,3,5 May 21st    Periods 2,4,6 May 23rd




    The Solar System

    Geocentric Model-Earth is the center of the universe

    Heliocentric Model-the Sun is the center of our Solar System

    Lunar Eclipses, Solar Eclipses


    The Moon-Facts, Features, Phases (Waxing and Waning)

    The Earth, Sun, and the Moon System

    Crewed Space Missions

    Friendship 7-John Glenn

    Apollo- Mission to the Moon

    Space Shuttles

    International Space Station


    Earth-based Telescopes

    Optical and Radio

    Optical Telescopes-Reflective and Refractive

    Radio Telescopes -collect radio waves and transmit them to a computer


    Space-bound Telescopes

    Hubble-Orbits Earth

    Spitzer Space Telescope- Orbits the Sun

    James Webb Telescope-Orbits the Sun


    Early Space Exploration




    Unmanned Spacecrafts






    Stress-Horizontal Earth movement



    Divergent Plate Boundaries-Dividing

    Convergent Plate Boundaries-Colliding

    Mountain Building

    Subduction Zones

    Transform Plate Boundaries-Sliding

    Plate Tectonics

    Plate Boundaries

    Harry Hess-Seafloor Spreading


    Pangaea- the super continent

    Continental Drift Theory

    Alfred Wegener

    Going from a Hypothesis to a well accepted  Theory



    The Rock Cycle

    Weathering-breaking down of rock into bits

    2 types

    1. Chemical-Acid Rain, Oxidation

    2. Physical (mechanical)-Ice Wedging, Abrasion, Plants, and Animals

    Agents of Weathering-water, wind, ice


    Erosion-Movement of weathered material

    Agents of erosion-water, wind, gravity


    Deposition- Laying down of eroded material


    Landforms created 

    Sand dunes

    Alluvial Fans


    Sink holes





    3 types of Rocks

    Igneous-Intrusive and Extrusive

    Sedimentary-Clastic, Organic, Chemical

    Metamorphic-Foliated, Nonfoliated




    Earth Facts


    How Earth Formed

    Earth's Interior






    Earth Systems-The 5 spheres










    Topics have we covered so far:

    Unit 2 Material--- Semester 1

    Weather Forecasts

     Weather Patterns

    Pressure Systems

    High Pressure Systems and Low Pressure Systems

    Air Masses

    Arctic Air Masses

    Continental Polar Air Masses

    Maritime Polar Air Masses

    Continental Tropical Air Masses

    Maritime Tropical Air Masses


    Cold Fronts

    Warm Fronts

    Stationary Fronts

    Occluded Fronts

    Severe Weather






     Weather-Short term conditions in the atmosphere

    Air Temperature

    Air Pressure

    Wind-Speed and Direction

    Humidity and Relative Humidity

    Dew, Frost, and Dew Point

    Fog/ Clouds

    Precipitation-Rain, Snow, Sleet, Hail

    Water Cycle- Evaporation and Transpiration, Condensation, Precipitation

    Climate-long term averaged weather conditions

    What affects climate? 1.Latitude, Altitude, How close a location is to mountains and oceans. 


    Global Wind Belts

    Polar Easterlies Prevailing Westerlies

    Trade Winds


    Horse Latitudes

    Land Breezes and Sea Breezes

    Coriolis Effect

    Earth's Atmosphere

    The layers of the atmosphere

    How did our atmosphere form?

    Energy transfer in the atmosphere

    Radiation, Convection, and Conduction


    2 Types of Experiments- Experimental and Observational

    Experimental Experiments must have variables.

    Variables-independent, dependent, constants, and a control variable

    (Textbook NOS Section 2)

    The International System of Units

    Metric System


    Length, Mass, and Volume

    Metric Units Bases and Prefixes

    Scientific Tools


    (Textbook NOS Section1) 

    Scientific Method A.K.A. Scientific Inquiry

    Steps of the Scientific Method

    Ask a Question or State a Problem

    Hypothesize and Predict

    Test Your Hypothesis

    Analyze Results

    Draw Conclusions

    Communicate Results


    What is science?

    3 main branches of science








    Types of Data

    Qualitative and Quantitative

    Types of Experiments or Investigations

    Observational vs. Experimental 



     General Information for Ms. Pecor's Earth/Space Science Classes


    6th Grade Earth/Space Science Syllabus (click on the words)

    6th Grade Earth/Space Science Course Organizer (click on the words)


    New Vocabulary Words are a huge part of science and they can be challenging.

     ***Helpful Website for Science Vocabulary and Spelling in general: spellingcity.com***

    (It's free)


    For Parents and Students

    About the Textbook

    (We have a hard cover book here we use in class)

    The book your child (you) brought home, STAYS AT HOME-Does not travel back and forth.


    OPTION 1 The students have the option to use the book, and then keep it forever or as long as you (she or he) want it.

                     Under this option, students can highlight as much as they want, write on assignment pages, do extra   

                   pages that I do not assign, and more.  Please have your child keep it in a safe place. They do not get a



    OPTION 2 The students have the option of using their textbook, and then returning it to me at the end of the school

                   year for extra credit (1 homework assignment).  Assignments I give to them must be done on notebook

                   paper. They must put the page number at the top and answer questions that are assigned. They do not

                   have to copy questions. A graphic organizer might have to be copied, but that would be all that would be

                   needed. So No writing in the textbook or ripping out the pages.  Highlighting is okay.