6th Grade Earth Science

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    What are we currently working on in class?

    SPACE

    Universe, Galaxies, Stars

    The Life Cycle of Stars

    Protostars, Main Sequence Stars-Hertsprung-Russell Diagram,

    Death of Stars-White Dwarfs, Black Holes, Neutron Stars, Super Novas

    Solar System

    Planets, Dwarf Planets, Asteroids, Asteroid Belts, Comets, Oort Cloud,

    Meteoroids, Meteors, Meteorites

    Earth, Sun, Moon Systems 

    Geocentric Model vs. Heliocentric Model

    (Earth Centered) vs. (Sun Centered)

     

    Human Spaceflight

    International Space Station (1998)

    Space Shuttles (1981)

    Apollo Missions-to the Moon (1969)

    John Glenn-Frienship 7- First American to orbit Earth (1962)

    Early Space Exploration-Uncrewed Spacecraft

    Rockets

    Timelines

    Edwin Hubble

    Robert Goddard

     

    Telescopes, Probes, and Satellites

    Space Telescopes-Hubble Space Telescope 

    Optical Telescopes-Reflective and Refractive 

    Infrared Telescopes-James Webb Space Telescope

                                    -Spitzer Space Telescope

    Radio Telescopes

     

     

     

    Oceans and Water on Earth

    Water Facts

    Ocean Facts

    Ocean Currents

    How do oceans affect weather and climate?

     Weather Forecasting

    Meteorologists

    Surface Reports

    Upper Air Reports

    Satellites

    Dopplar Radar

    Radar Reports

    Computer Models

     

    What influences weather?

    Fronts-Cold, Warm, Stationary, Occluded

    Air Masses

    Pressure Systems

    High Pressure Systems

    Low Pressure Systems

    Weather

    Weather Elements

    Air Temperature

    Air Pressure

    Wind

    Dew Point

    Clouds and Fog

    Precipitation

    Water Cycle

    Climate

     

    Atmosphere

    5 Layers

    Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesospere, Thermosphere, Exosphere

    Ozone Layer

    Ionosphere-Auroras

    Air Pressure

    Temperature Differences

    Composition of the Atmosphere

    The 5 spheres

    Wind

    Global Wind Belts

    Trade Winds, Prevailing Weaterlies, Polar Easterlies

    Doldrums and the Horse Latitudes

    The Coriolis Effect-Winds curve due to Earth's rotation Jet Streams

    Land Breezes and Sea Breezes

     

     

    Minerals

    Rocks-Igneous, Sedimentary, Metamorphic

    The Rock Cycle

     

    October/ November

    Volcanoes

    Earthquakes

    Mountain Building

    Plate Boundaries and Movement (Powerpoint)

    Plate Tectonics

    Plate Tectonic Powerpoint

    Pangaea Puzzle Pieces

    Alfred Wegener

    Pangaea

    Continental Drift Theory

    Evidence for Pangaea and Continental Drift Theory

     

    September 

    Radiation, Conduction, and Convection

    Density and Gravity

     Earth's Layers Powerpoint

    Earth's Compositional Layers-Crust Mantle Core

    Earth's Layers based on Physical Properties

    Lithosphere

    Asthenosphere

    Mesosphere

    Outer Core

    Inner Core

     The following are topics in orange we will integrate throughout the school year

    2 Types of Experiments- Experimental and Observational/Investigations

    Experimental Experiments must have variables. Variables-independent, dependent, constants, and a control variable

    The International System of Units-Metric System, Measurement ,Length, Mass, and Volume;Metric Units Bases and Prefixes,Scientific Tools

    Scientific Method A.K.A. Scientific Inquiry

    Steps of the Scientific Method: Ask a Question or State a Problem; Hypothesize and Predict, Test Your Hypothesis, Analyze Results, Draw Conclusions, Communicate Results

     What is science?  3 main branches of science  Descriptions,Explanations-- Inferences, Observations; Types of Data-Qualitative and Quantitative

    Types of Experiments or Investigations--Observational vs. Experimental