6th Grade Earth Science

  • What are we currently working on in class?

    4th Quarter Material

    Space

    Space Exploration

    Telescopes

    Solar System

    Earth, Moon, and Sun System

    Moon

    Sun

    Seasons

    Galaxies

    Universe

     

     

     

     

    Oceans-Currents

    Weather

    What influences weather?

    The Water Cycle

    Air Masses

    Fronts

    Pressure Systems

    Global Winds

    Ocean Current

    Cool currents brings cooler air temps.

    Warm currents bring warm air temps.

    Gulf Stream Current

    Climate

    What influences climate?

    Latitude

    Altitude

    Mountains

    Ocean Currents

    Elements of Weather

    Air Temperature

    Air Pressure

    Wind

     Humidity

    Relative Humidity

    Dew Point

    Dew Frost

    Clouds/ Fog

    Precipitation

    The Water Cycle

    Evaporation and Transpiration

    Condensation and Cloud Formation

    Precipitaion

     

     

     

    Air Pollution

    Heat Transfer in the Atmosphere

    Radiation, Conduction, and Convection

     

    Atmosphere

    Air Pressure 

    Altitude

    Temperature Changes in the Layers

    The Layers-Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Thermosphere, Exosphere

    The Composition-78% Nitrogen, 21% Oxygen, 1% other gases

    Greenhouse Effect

    Ozone

    Electromagnetic Spectrum

    Radiowaves

    Microwaves

    Infrared Heat

    Visible Light

    Ultraviolet Light

    X-rays

    Gamma Rays

    Radiation, Convection, and Conduction

     

     

    Earth's Systems-all of the matter, energy, and processes within Earth's boundary

    Geosphere-the solid, rocky part of Earth.

    Atmosphere-the layer of gases surrounding Earth

    Hydrosphere-the part of Earth that is liquid water

    Cryosphere-all of the frozen water on Earth (glaciers, ice bergs, etc.)

    Biosphere-all living things and the areas of Earth where they are found

     

     

     

     

    Weathering, Erosion, and Deposition 

    How do rocks change over time?

    The Rock Cycle

    Three Main Types of Rocks and Minerals

    Metamorphic

    Sedimentary

    Igneous

     

     

     

     

    Mountain Building

    Volcanoes

    Earthquakes

     

     

    Plate Tectonics

    Plates

    Plate Movement

    Divergent Plate Boundaries

    Convergent Plate Boundaries

    Transform Plate Boundaries

     

    Seafloor Spreading

    Harry Hess

    How does plate tectonics work?

    What are the plates?

    What are the types of plate movements?

    What do plate movements create?

     

    Volcanoes

    Mountain Building

    Earthquakes 

     

     

    How the Theory Developed

    Evidence for the Theory

    Pangaea

    Theory of Continental Drift

    Alfred Wegener

     

     

     

     

     

    Earth's Interior Layers

    Five Physical Layers-Lithosphere,Asthenoshere, Mesosphere,Outer Core, Inner Core

    Compositional Layers-Crust, Mantle, Core

    Radiation, Conduction, and Radiation

                        Energy/ Heat Transfer

                        Earth's Layers and Interior 

     

     

    Measurement- SI International System of Units

                             Metric Measuring of Lines, Mass, and Volume

                             Metric prefixes

    Error in Measurment-Why is it a big deal?

    Mean (Average), Mode, and Median

     

    Scientific Theories-Big Bang Theory , The Theory of Plate Tectonics, The Thoey of Continental Drift

    Scientific Laws-The Law of Gravity, The Laws of Motion, The Law of Conservation of Enerergy and Matter

    Steps of the Scientific Method: Ask a Question or State a Problem; Hypothesize and Predict, Test Your Hypothesis, Analyze Results, Draw Conclusions, Communicate Results

     

     What is science?  3 main branches of science  Descriptions,Explanations-- Inferences, Observations; Types of Data-Qualitative and Quantitative

    Types of Experiments or Investigations--Observational vs. Experimental