How to Cite Your Reference Materials Using MLA 8 Format (NOTE: I cannot lay out the citations perfectly on this page/site -- the second and third lines should be indented in an entry...students will receive a handout with this information and they should have this in their language arts notebooks.)
Citing a Web Source: Web-based article citations in your list of references generally use the following structure:
Author Last Name, First Name, and Second Author First Name and Last Name. "Title of Article: Subtitle of article." Title of Website. Name of publisher. Date of publication, URL.
(NOTE: italicize = underline)
- Name of the author, corporate author, or editor. Spell out author's or editor's name -- do not use initials. List the first author's last name, followed by a comma then his/her first name (and middle name if applicable). If a work has more than one author, only invert the first author's name in this manner. If no author or editor is present, start with the chapter title.
- Title of the article, in quotation marks, if you are citing a specific article on a webpage. If the article is the only page on a website, skip this step and treat the article title as the title of the webpage, as described immediately below.
- Title of the website, in italics (or underlined).
- Name of the publisher. If the publisher is not listed, write n.p. (for no publisher).
- Date of publication -- day, month, and year, as available followed by a comma. If no date is not listed, write n.d. (for no date).
- A website address/URL starting with www.
Britannica, The Editors of Encyclopaedia. “Emmitt Smith.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 11 May 2018, www.britannica.com/biography/Emmitt-Smith.
Article from a stand-alone Web page:
Reyes, Sergio. Victor Jara of Chile, Presente! Now and Forever. n.p., n.d., www.sreyes.org/vjindex.htm.
Article from a broader Web site:
Ostro, A. "Twitter Is Frozen in Time." Mashable. Mashable, 8 Oct. 2016, www.mashable.com/2009/10/08/twitter-is-frozen-in-time.
Article from a Web page, no author:
"Using computers to analyze sentiments: An emotional response." Economist. Economist, 6 Oct. 2017, www.economist.com.
Article from an online newspaper:
Branch, John. "Babe Ruth the Way You’ve Never Seen Him Before." New York Times. New York Times, 23 Mar. 2011, www.nytimes.com/2011/03/23/sports/baseball/23ruth.html.
Article from online version of a print magazine:
Fricke, David. "Forty Years of Beatlemania: A look back at the Beatles' debut on 'The Ed Sullivan Show.'" Rolling Stone. Rolling Stone, 19 Sept. 2016, www.rollingstone.com/music/music-news/beatle-mania-230235.
Article from a Web-only journal:
Jones, Steve, Camille Johnson-Yale, Sarah Millermaier, Francisco Seoane Perez. "Everyday Life, Online: U.S. College Students’ Use of the Internet." First Monday. 5 Oct. 2009, www.firstmonday.org/article/view/2649/2301.
Encyclopedia Article, Online:
"Tap Dance." Encyclopedia of African American Society. 2007. SAGE Publications. Web. 6 Jun. 2008, eas- ref.press.jhu.edu/dance.html.
Citing a Print Resource
Books: One Author
Author (Last Name, First Name). Title of book. City where it was published: Publisher, Year it was published.
English, Carol. The Cliffs Won’t Do: Read the Book. Philadelphia: McGraw-Hill, 2005.
Books: Two or More Authors
Authors (Last Name, First Name, and First Name Last Name). Title of book. City where it was published: Publisher, Year it was published.
Drucker, Darla, and Amy Jones. How to Survive Your Wedding. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2004.
Editor (Last Name, First Name), ed. Title of book. City where it was published: Publisher, Year it was published.
Valenza, Joyce, ed. Bagels and Books: An Anthology. Brooklyn, NY: Random House, 2002.
Author (if known). “Title of article.” Title of reference book. Edition. Year (if not part of Edition). Print.
Bradeen, Donald W. "Delian League." The Encyclopedia Americana. 1999 ed. Print.
“Best Beards of All Time.” Encyclopedia of Anatomy and Hair. 15th ed. 2006. Print.
Copaset, Sandra. “Zen and the Art of Wearing Blue and Khaki.” Encyclopedia Americana. 2004 ed. Print.
"Coral Snake." The Encyclopedia Britannica. 15th ed. 2007.
You must create a Bibliography or Works Cited for your project.
1) Title it: Bibliography or Works Cited (underline and center it)
2) Alphabetize each entry based on the first word in each entry.
3) Single space each entry.
4) Skip a line between each entry.
5) Do not indent first line of each entry – instead, indent every line after the first line in each entry.
6) See sample below:
“Best Beards of All Time.” Encyclopedia of Anatomy and Hair. 15th ed. 2010.
Cassutto, George. “Social Studies and the World Wide Web.” 8 June 2011, www.fred.net/nhhs/html13/article3.htm..
Cook, Sara Gibbard. “Berlin, Germany.” Compton’s Living Encyclopedia. 27 Oct. 2017, www-personal.umich.edu/~jeda/Berlin(Compton's).htm.
English, Carol. The Cliffs Won’t Do: Read the Book. Philadelphia: McGraw-Hill, 2015.